Since the Golden Age of Hollywood, movies have largely lacked a woman's perspective. Auteurs like Dorothy Arzner were rare in the studio system, and 60 years later, things haven't changed much.
According to a 2015 San Diego State University study, just 20 percent of all directors, writers, producers, executive producers, editors and cinematographers working on films released in 2014 were women. A woman didn't win the Oscar for Best Director until 2010 -- and none have won it since.
The lack of women at major studios has become such a problem that earlier this year, the federal government threatened to sue the major studios unless they hired more women.
But it's not just limited to the Hollywood system: a study released last week by San Diego State University determined that women are also underrepresented in the independent film industry. The university's Center for the Study of Women in Television & Film looked at 1,472 indie films released in the U.S. last year, and found that women made up just 25 percent of the directors of features, and 33 percent of the directors of documentaries.
The study also examined 23 major film festivals in the U.S. and found that they favored films made by men. On average, festivals screened three times as many male-directed features, and twice as many male-helmed documentaries.