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California Teen Leads Suit to Keep Hundreds of Thousands of Immigrants in U.S.

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Crista Ramos, 14, stands at a park in Richmond after a soccer match on Nov. 4, 2018. "I felt like I needed to speak up ... and represent all the children whose parents have TPS and could be sent back," said Crista of why she is suing the federal government. (Farida Jhabvala Romero/KQED)

High school freshman Crista Ramos used to be mostly preoccupied with school, friends and soccer practice with her Bay Area team, the Richmond Lionesses.

All that changed in January when the Trump administration announced plans to end the humanitarian protections that allow her mother and about 260,000 other immigrants from El Salvador to lawfully live and work in the United States.

Since then, the San Pablo teen and U.S. citizen has become an outspoken advocate to preserve Temporary Protected Status, becoming the lead plaintiff in a landmark class-action lawsuit.

The legal challenge for more than 300,000 people from El Salvador, Haiti, Nicaragua and Sudan is the first by U.S. citizen children and TPS-holding parents, including Crista’s mother, Cristina Morales, who joined as a plaintiff and has lived in the United States since she was 12.

If the Trump administration ended the protections, Crista would face a monumental choice: Grow up in the United States without her mom, who would likely face deportation, or move with her to El Salvador, a country convulsed by poverty and one of the highest homicide rates in the world.


“It would be a big struggle because in El Salvador, there’s not good opportunities like, for careers,” said Crista, 14. “And it’s very dangerous to live there.”

Crista said she dreams of going to college, playing soccer for the U.S. Women’s National Team and — most immediately — keeping her family together.

Congress created the TPS program in 1990 to provide humanitarian relief to immigrants in the U.S. who could not return safely to home countries struck by natural disasters or armed conflict.

The secretary of the Department of Homeland Security can designate a country for TPS status. After periodic review, DHS may extend the status. Immigrants from El Salvador and Nicaragua have been eligible for TPS more than 15 years.

Temporary victory

In October, Crista learned about a major step toward her goal.

U.S. District Judge Edward Chen in San Francisco temporarily blocked the government from ending TPS, until he rules on the merits of Ramos v. Nielsen, which names U.S. Secretary of Homeland Security Kirstjen Nielsen as defendant.

Crista heard about the judge’s decision as her dad drove her to school one morning. Both erupted in cheers.

“We were really happy in the car,” said Crista. “And when I got to school, all my teachers were congratulating me because they already knew. And that made me feel more comfortable and positive.”

The Trump administration has since appealed to the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, which has yet to decide whether Chen’s preliminary injunction stays in place.

Sara Ahmed, 12, holds a sign in English and Arabic before attending a court hearing in San Francisco on Sept. 26, 2018. Cristina Morales, Crista Ramos and other TPS supporters rally nearby. (Farida Jhabvala Romero/KQED)

Crista said she used to be scared of public speaking, but not anymore.

“I think about how there’s other kids who are maybe too scared to speak up,” she said, referring to the estimated 273,000 U.S. citizen children who have at least one parent with TPS.

“So I chose to help them, and be the voice of all the kids who are going through the same thing,” she said.

Because of the lawsuit, Crista has stepped into the spotlight, speaking before crowds of reporters at rallies, attending long meetings with attorneys and going to court hearings.

As she walked into a hearing in September, Crista proudly pointed to a sign by the courtroom doors that read “Ramos v. Nielsen.” Crista asked if she could take the sign home.

“My goal is to keep my family and the other families together,” she said. “So that me and my brother and the other kids in these families can go on with our life, and education and plans.”

Morales said she’s proud of her daughter’s commitment and dedication. Crista’s friends have been often surprised to hear she’s leading this battle to defend the protections for immigrants, according to Morales.

“Crista is very shy and quiet,” said Morales, a school aide for special needs students. “But her mind is also very settled. Like, when she says something is not right, it’s not right.”

Crista Ramos sits on a park bench with dad Edgar Ramos, brother Diego and mom Cristina Morales in Richmond, California, on Nov. 4, 2018. (Farida Jhabvala Romero/KQED)

Suing the federal government

Emilou MacLean, a lead attorney in the lawsuit, conducted several interviews earlier this year with potential plaintiffs, many of whom were already involved in activism that sought more permanent protections for TPS holders.

MacLean said that’s how she met Morales, who at the time was working at an afterschool care program, and Crista. MacLean said during their first meeting, Crista asked a lot of questions about the lawsuit, and quickly recognized that it had life-changing ramifications for other children in families like hers.

“From the very beginning, Crista expressed a willingness to step out of her comfort zone for the protection of her family, but also for the broader impact this lawsuit could have,” said MacLean, with the National Day Laborer Organizing Network in Los Angeles.

MacLean asked Crista to be the lead plaintiff during a days-long meeting in San Francisco between attorneys and the 14 people who agreed to be plaintiffs, most of whom had traveled from other cities across the country.

“It takes a lot of courage to stand up and say I’m willing to put my name front and center against the Trump administration when something feels unjust,” said MacLean. “She has demonstrated an enormous amount of inner strength, and really sees this as part of the pursuit of justice.”

Meeting the Pope

Crista’s family said coming out so publicly against the Trump administration has been stressful and feels like a risk, given the president’s aggressive immigration enforcement policies.

But because of that initial step, Crista has also lived unexpected moments for a girl from the working-class city of San Pablo.

In October, a nervous Crista stepped onto an airplane for the first time, traveling to Rome to ask Pope Francis for his support and deliver a letter. It asked him to travel to the U.S. and lobby Congress to grant permanent protections for TPS holders.

Crista did not expect to see the pope up close, let alone shake his hand as she stood with about 10 U.S. citizen children of TPS holders by St. Peter’s Basilica.

“We were seeing him, like, getting closer and I really was freaking out. We were all freaking out,” said Crista, whose parents are devout Catholics.

“Keep fighting,” Pope Francis told the children in Spanish. “Migrating is a human right. Is that clear? And nobody can stop it.”

Pope Francis meets Crista Ramos and other U.S. citizen children of TPS holders at the Vatican in October 2018, days ahead of the canonization of Salvadoran Archbishop Óscar Romero. 'Migrating is a human right,' said Pope Francis. (Contributed by the National TPS Alliance)

Inspired to keep going

At their home in San Pablo, Crista’s parents couldn’t believe their eyes when their cellphones started ringing with photos of a smiling Crista standing inches away from the pope.

“You know, one night I was praying to God and asking him to give me strength to show my kids that everything is gonna be OK,” said Morales, “and Crista ended up going to Rome and being next to the pope.”

Crista’s dad, Edgar Ramos, a lector at church, chimed in: “It was everything.”

Ramos said the pope’s message reinforced their hope that the family will prevail.

“We are going to stay together as a family. We are going to fight until the end as a family,” said Ramos, a foreman who has worked for the same construction company for 20 years.

While the issue plays out in the courts, the parents try to protect their kids with a blanket of never-ending optimism, and focus on what they can control: sticking to their routine of school, work and soccer.

Ramos and Morales spend many weekday afternoons and weekends shuttling Crista and her 12-year old brother to soccer practice and matches in nearby Richmond and other cities in the Bay Area and beyond.

“Honestly, we will do everything that is in our hands to keep everything normal for them,” said Morales. “I mean we're not gonna let this government decision (to end TPS) destroy family.”

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