Shell to Pay $50,000 Fine for Releasing 20 Tons of Gas From Martinez Refinery

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The PBF Energy refinery in Martinez, pictured in August 2018 when it was owned by Shell.  (Justin Sullivan/Getty Images)

Shell has agreed to pay $50,000 to settle several air pollution violations stemming from a major release of toxic gas at its Martinez refinery in 2016.

The penalty amounts are renewing criticism from environmentalists who say air quality penalties are too low -- a year after an effort to increase the fines failed to even get a hearing in the state Legislature.

"These fines are a gentle tap on the wrist for an oil giant like Shell," said Hollin Kretzmann, an Oakland-based attorney for the Center for Biological Diversity.

"It's no surprise that these accidents keep happening when the air district fines are too small to change Shell's bad behavior," Kretzmann said. "Martinez and other communities near these dangerous refineries need and deserve better protection from public officials."

The Bay Area Air Quality Management District announced Wednesday that Shell would pay a total of $165,000 to settle 16 violations at the Martinez facility that took place between late 2015 and the end of 2016.


The violations included penalties for exceeding sulfur dioxide and hydrogen sulfide release limits, broken tank seals and overdue emission leak tests.

Four of the violations stemmed from an incident on Dec. 19, 2016, when parts of the refinery lost power. The outage forced the facility to flare off nearly 20 tons of gases and sent flames and black smoke into the sky.

The incident prompted local health officials authorities to issue an hours-long health advisory for people near the facility.

The problem began when electrical engineers troubleshooting a problem with an alarm accidentally tripped a circuit breaker connected to a substation that feeds power to the refinery.

The refinery later reported that a significant portion of the gas sent to its flares was hydrogen sulfide. When that gas burns through flaring it turns into sulfur dioxide, a pollutant that can harm the respiratory system and make breathing difficult. High levels of sulfur dioxide can damage trees and plants, and it also contributes to the formation of acid rain.

The air district fined Shell $20,000 for releasing sulfur dioxide into the air for four hours, according to air district spokesman Ralph Borrmann. The agency issued three $10,000 fines against the company for other emissions from three of the facility's boilers, Borrmann said.

Shell says it has made fixes to prevent a repeat of the December 2016 episode.

"Even though these violations did not result in significant impacts to people or the environment, we take them seriously and aim to prevent them from happening again," said the Martinez refinery's spokeswoman, Ann Notarangelo, in an emailed statement.

"The Bay Area is home to some of the strictest air quality standards in the world, and those standards we embrace," Notarangelo said. "When we fall short of them, we want to immediately report and correct."

Last year, after several serious refinery malfunctions at Benicia's Valero refinery and the Phillips 66 facility in Rodeo, state Sen. Bill Dodd, D-Napa, proposed tripling many fines for refineries that violate air quality laws.

Two Bay Area mayors and environmental groups said the proposal was too weak, and the Western States Petroleum Association, which represents the state's major oil companies, opposed it as unnecessary.

The bill was killed before it received its first hearing.