At SFMOMA, Tomás Saraceno Proposes a Floating Future

Tomás Saraceno, 'Cloud Cities Thermodynamics of Self-Assembly/005 (detail),' 2015. (Courtesy the artist and Tanya Bonakdar Gallery, New York)

Something strange happened when I walked into the press preview for Tomás Saraceno’s Stillness in Motion — Cloud Cities at SFMOMA. The gallery -- previously occupied by the excellent Typeface to Interface exhibition -- is jarringly remade as a wide-open NASA-like clean room, including a white floor that will doubtless drive the museum staff responsible for the exhibit’s maintenance crazy.

The strange thing that happened to me when I walked into the show’s press preview was feeling a feeling I hadn’t felt in a while. It was unfamiliar. It was optimism.

Berlin-based Saraceno is both a visual artist and an architect, so it’s fitting that Stillness in Motion is both an exhibition and a proposal for future building projects. As we fret about dwindling supplies of natural resources, the unequal distribution of those resources, and the seemingly impossible task of slowing the man-made destruction of our only planet, Saraceno daringly places a stake in a utopian vision of the future. After the Anthropocene, he proposes, we can have an Aerocene.

The radical approach in Saraceno’s vision isn’t the idea of floating cities, but the idea of floating cities powered by the sun and the wind, not battery cells or solar panels or wind turbines or fossil fuels. While Stillness in Motion looks decidedly futuristic (a word that connotes impossibly clean lines and shiny surfaces), its visual language is rooted in nature: the architecture of spider webs, floating seed pods and bubbles.

Saraceno's installation at SFMOMA is a network of thick and taut nylon cables, polished stainless steel plates, over 15,000 hand-tied knots and gently bobbing inflatables. Alongside the network of cables are examples of Saraceno’s research material: spider webs constructed in collaboration and in approximations of zero gravity, balloon tests against the scenic background of White Sands, New Mexico.


Walking through the installation takes time, and not just because every vantage point offers different reflections and portal-like views of endlessly repeating mirrored surfaces. By its very arrangement, Stillness in Motion necessitates careful contemplation, lest one be clotheslined by the art. (I’m not saying this happened to me, but if it did, it could definitely happen to you.)

Saraceno’s installation, made specifically for SFMOMA, will likely feature prominently on social media over the next five months for its aesthetic value alone, but the ideas it puts forward -- of radical non-governmental cooperation, emissions-free space travel, and the simple power of imagining and then working towards a future that is not dystopic -- are worthy of far more than a mirrored selfie shot. Optimism is a feeling that shouldn’t be so rare.


Stillness in Motion — Cloud Cities is on view at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art through May 21, 2017. Visit for more information.