Twittering to Increase Student Engagement

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Two years ago, I created a Twitter account — one that only fellow educators and my students’ parents’ would be allowed to follow.

I called that account @PeterPaccone and, with time, learned that Twitter offers up many benefits for a teacher. One surprising and unexpected one — Twitter can be used to promote student engagement in my high school world history classroom.


The specifics, in just a moment, but first a question: How many of you can relate to the following scenario?

You’re in high school, and on day one you have entered a classroom feeling upbeat and positive. The title of the class alone is interesting, and after listening to the teacher’s introductory remarks and way of speaking, you’re hooked. But from then on, things go downhill, and downhill fast. Before you know it, you disconnect and stay disconnected for the rest of the year. Was it the rigor or the way the teacher taught? You can’t really say for sure. You just know you were done.


Have you ever experienced anything like that? For me, it was biology class. I was so fired up going in, but then, within just a few weeks, I found myself increasingly falling behind. The class lectures, reading, testing, memorization and homework assignments were either too challenging or bored me. In any event, I lost interest, disengaged and hence, today, remember nothing from that class — not even the teacher’s name.

What a loss. An entire year — 180 hours or so — and not a single memory past week one.

Given my experience, the following statement should come as no surprise: When I became a teacher, it was super important for me that my students, from the start of the year through to the very end, always felt like they had something of value to offer the class. Something that would show that they were learning and engaged.

I, therefore, periodically offered up — particularly to those students who either appeared to lose interest or fall behind — one or more extra credit assignments. Yet, until recently, the bulk of these extra credit assignments never quite measured up.

Then I discovered Twitter, and things got kicked up a notch.

I now often invite my world history students to earn extra credit by emailing me something that I can post to my Twitter feed, and which meets the following criteria:

  • It relates to the learning taking place in class.
  • It can be considered a work of high quality (no stick figures, please).
  • It will result in a round of applause from the rest of the class and at least a like or two from my followers.

To this end, I recently had a student send me two works of art — each focusing on something important that she had learned about during our unit on the Industrial Revolution.


During our unit on World War I,  one of my students sent me a 3D, computer-generated image of a Lee–Enfield bolt-action, magazine-fed, repeating rifle the principal firearm used by the military forces of the British Empire during the war.

This same student also sent me a computer-generated image of the infamous World War I no-man’s land (the land that was located between two enemy trench systems, which neither side wished to cross or seize due to fear of being attacked by the enemy in the process.)


And then, in anticipation of our unit on World War II, a student sent me a photograph of her, in volunteer attire, aboard the USS Iowa and standing next to FDR’s personal cook. The Iowa is something that I talk about during the unit on World War II, and this student volunteers once a week aboard the ship, though it’s located nearly an hour from school.


This same student also created, for the class, a 20-question Kahoot learning game relating to material covered during the first semester. All three of my world history classes absolutely loved playing the game and I posted video and still shots of the students playing it to my Twitter account.


This same student also created a historical-figure, parody Twitter account in the name of Frederick the Great. Click on the image below to view it.


I also had a student use the StoryCorp smartphone app to interview her mother about elections past and present. To both hear and read a transcript of the interview, click on the image below.


And I’m just getting started. No doubt that there’s much more that my ninth and tenth grade world history students could do to demonstrate learning, and which I would gladly post to my Twitter account.

One thing is for certain, regardless of the extra credit points I offer (nominal at best), when I tell my students that I will post their extra credit work to my Twitter account, they welcome the opportunity, and that means engagement.