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Should Genetically Modified Mosquitoes Be Used to Stop the Spread of Zika?

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This post is part of KQED’s Do Now U project. Do Now U is a weekly activity for students and the public to engage and respond to current issues using social media. Do Now U aims to build civic engagement and digital literacy for learners of all ages. This post was developed by Ashley Panton-Lula, a student at Southern Connecticut State University.

Featured Media Resource (above)

Can Mutant Mosquitoes Be Used to Fight Zika and Dengue Fever?
The latest idea from scientists about how to stop the spread of the Zika virus is by reducing populations of its main vector–the Aedes aegypti mosquito–using genetic engineering.

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Should genetically modified mosquitoes be used to stop the spread of Zika? #DoNowUZika

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Learn More about the Zika Virus

Many people think that the Zika virus just appeared within the last year. However, the Zika virus was discovered in 1947 in rhesus macaque monkeys found in Uganda. It was not until recently, when outbreaks of the virus started to affect a lot of people, that it received more attention.

Map of Zika virus
A map of all countries and territories with active Zika virus transmission. (Courtesy of CDC)

The Zika virus is transmitted by Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes. These mosquitoes are invasive to North and South America and also transmit dengue and chikungunya. Pregnant women infected with Zika give birth to babies with birth defects, including microcephaly, hearing and vision problems, and other brain deficiencies. However, not all pregnant women who are infected with the Zika virus will have babies with these birth defects.


Due to the prevalence of mosquitoes, controlling the spread of Zika has been challenging. Some scientists believe one way to stop the spread of the Zika virus is to use genetically modified Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. The idea is to release genetically modified male mosquitoes into the wild to mate with infected mosquitoes. The offspring of the genetically modified mosquitoes would inherit a gene that causes them to die. Over several generations, this would result in a reduced population. The World Health Organization recommends piloting this approach in combination with other interventions including pesticide spraying, eliminating standing pools of water, using insect repellent and mosquito nets, and educating the public about the dangers of Zika. These controls, however, involve huge coordination between civilians, government agencies and others. Some people think our best hoping for fighting the Zika virus and reducing the mosquito population is with these genetically modified mosquitoes.

While the genetically modified mosquitos have been proven to reduce populations of Aedes aegypti in some areas, some people are concerned about the ethical implications of genetically modified animals. Some feel that the genes of animals shouldn’t be manipulated for human gain, and argue that we should be more aggressive in other prevention methods, which include using insecticides and personal protection measures. There is also concern among some opponents that potential negative effects have not been adequately studied. However, some supporters for the use of genetically modified mosquitoes to control the spread of Zika argue that using insecticides is less effective and has a greater negative environmental impact than using the genetically modified mosquitoes.

Should we use genetically modified mosquitoes to stop the spread of the Aedes aegypti mosquitoes that carry the Zika virus? What do you think?

More Resources

Article: PBS NewsHour
Why It’s so Hard to Zap the Zika Mosquito and What We Can Do 
This article provides a quick overview of the Zika virus and mitigation efforts.

Article: Huffington Post
Here’s What You Need To Know About ‘GMO Mosquitos’ And Zika Virus
This quick guide answers some questions about genetically modified mosquitoes and Zika.

Article: CBS News
Can Genetically Modified Mosquitoes Snuff out the Zika Virus?
CBS News covers information about genetically modified mosquitoes that can stop the spread of the Aedes aegypti mosquitoes.

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KQED Do Now U is a bi-weekly activity in collaboration with SENCER. SENCER is a community of transformation that consists of educators and administrators in the higher and informal education sectors. SENCER aims to create an intelligent, educated, and empowered citizenry through advancing knowledge in the STEM fields and beyond. SENCER courses show students the direct connections between subject content and the real world issues they care about, and invite students to use these connections to solve today’s most pressing problems.

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