There likely aren't many cookbooks out there that include a nod to the author's kidneys in the acknowledgments. But in Jessica Goldman Foung's Sodium Girl's Limitless Low-Sodium Cookbook, she not only thanks these vital organs, she does so by name. She calls her kidneys Frank and Stein.
Given Goldman Foung's health history -- the woman nearly died during her college years, the result of an aggressive form of lupus attacking her kidneys and brain that required chemotherapy to combat -- her fondness for her resilient kidneys is understandable.
At 21, Goldman Foung found herself on dialysis waiting for a transplant. She could have wallowed in the misery of it all, instead she opted to overhaul her diet and began a strict low-sodium, no-salt regimen. With that shift, and in concert with topnotch medical care, her kidneys began regenerating over the course of a year in such a way that not even her doctors at Stanford Hospital could fully explain. Fast forward to today and she's officially been kicked off the kidney transplant list for nine years and has stayed healthy and active through diet and medications alone.
Given all she went through -- and learned along the way -- she sought to share her experiences with others who might benefit from a low-sodium way of life. In 2009 she began her blog, Sodium Girl, and ever since she's been experimenting with creating tasty favorite foods and comfort fare sans salt in her kitchen. The self-taught cook champions finding alternative flavors through techniques like smoking and roasting, by drawing on the natural salty taste found in foods like beets and celery and in experimenting with spices. She's also the queen of substitutions to create finger-licking food. Think: molasses for miso, cauliflower for cheese, balsamic blueberry sauce for BBQ sauce, and tamarind paste for soy sauce to create a teriyaki-like alternative.
Goldman Foung will talk buffalo wings, pad Thai, and baked macaroni and peas -- all whipped up without the addition of those addictive white crystals, at a reading at Omnivore Books on March 3. She'll also hold cooking demonstrations at 18 Reasons on March 4 and at CUESA on March 30. Sodium Girl spoke with Bay Area Bites last week and shared recipes from her new book too.
Why did you start your food blog?
I was trying to figure out what kind of job was going to work for my health and my body. I wanted to be a writer -- I was a creative writing major at Stanford -- but I basically had to start my career from ground zero. The best advice I got at the time was start with a blog and write about what you know, and what I know about is living with lupus and eating a low-sodium diet.
One of my first posts -- the black dress theory uses the analogy that losing salt from your diet is like not having black in your closet. It was the moment when I found my voice. I wanted to talk about a low-sodium life in a way people can relate to. It was a younger, fresher, more positive and playful way to tackle the subject with spirit.
Everyone had always told me to write about my experience being sick but I had never found the right vehicle. Food became the perfect way to write about overcoming challenges, making the most of things, and using your hardships to set sail on new adventures.
Are there many other low-sodium cookbooks?
There's a good handful but what's missing is the low-sodium cookbook that can be on anyone's shelf that you can share with friends or take out when you're having a dinner party, one that leaves you with the knowledge you can salt-free any recipe and make it work. That's where my cookbook comes in.
Low-sodium cooking has been excommunicated from the culinary world because salt has been put on this flavor pedestal. We've got to change that so low sodium is seen more like vegan or gluten-free cooking. It adds to the culinary playbook versus being totally separate from it.
How did you eat before you got sick?
I was a junk food eater. I think I would be in big trouble if I hadn't gotten sick because I ate Taco Bell and French fries all the time. I grew up in a family where we used a microwave to steam our vegetables and we ordered out three nights a week; I ate a lot of Chinese food and pizza. I was also a very unadventurous eater: I was mostly just into traditional American comfort fare.
Do you miss the taste of salt?
I actually don't even remember it. Some people ask me about salt substitutes but I'm like: 'Why would you even go there?' Salt is almost offensive to my mouth now because it's so strong to me.
What are some of the myths about low-sodium food that you've dispelled by living without salt?
Low-sodium food is viewed as dull, boring, time consuming, and costly. Also: No eating out, no eating convenience or comfort foods, nothing canned, and no eating with friends. I discovered that none of those things have to be true. Now, if you just remove salt, a dish is going to be unappealing, because it's just the food you love without salt and that's not going to work. I joke about endangered spices: Because we're so focused on only using salt other spices may become extinct. But celery seed is a great salt replacement, because it has so much natural sodium taste. Curry, cumin, and coriander seed are strong flavors you can use everywhere. I'm having a passionate affair with those three right now. But there are so many spices to play with -- smoked paprika, dill, mace.
How is it dining around town with your dietary needs?
San Francisco has been so accommodating. I tell people in situations like mine: Don't be afraid to strike up a relationship. If you have a restaurant you love to go to, call ahead, meet with the manager, and sit down and say: 'Here is what I'm living with, what do you need me to do to make it easier for people? How many days ahead do you need me to call?' If you make relationships you're going to get food cooked the way you need it. And then you don't feel like an outsider anymore; if anything you feel like a VIP diner. I probably get better meals than my friends because they're usually made by the head chef, to order, with so much care.
Maverick was the first place where I received a salt-free meal that was cooked with as much flair as all the other plates coming out of the kitchen. Firefly is down the street from me, so I go maybe twice a month -- frequenting a place definitely helps. The more they cook for me the more adventurous they get. I went to Nojo, the Japanense izakaya restaurant, with a last-minute reservation thinking I could get sashimi, which is easy for me. I took one look at the menu and thought there's no way I can eat here I'll just drink my dinner. But the chef Greg Dunmore circled on the menu what he thought he could do over for me salt- free. I had chicken neck, sautéed chicken liver, and food flavored with his personal stash of special chili peppers.
Chefs love to create new tastes and they love a challenge, this is what they do and why they cook. Their contributions are testimony that even top chefs can have fun and hold the salt, in dishes full of flavors, layers, and unexpected combinations.
Were there any recipe flops that didn't make it into the book?
The one I wanted in there that didn't make it was pho. I got it right on my first try but didn't write anything down and I wasn't able to replicate it again. I will have a faux pho on my website at some stage.
What's your day-to-day life like living with lupus?
I deal with chronic joint pain, chronic fatigue, and I'm immune suppressed, so I don't have a lot of reserves. I also have hypertension from my kidneys. I have to watch my fluid retention and all that fun stuff. And there are lots of aftershocks from chemo. For the most part, though, I'm busier and more active than most people I know. My condition has never stopped me from doing anything I wanted to do, I just have to be creative about it. I'm on a ton of meds and I have to check in with my doctors on a regular basis, but so much less so than when I was younger. When I was writing the book I was like: 'Okay kidneys, don't fail on me now because that would be really bad marketing.'
Are you always able to remain upbeat in the face of adversity?
My life before my illness prepared me for when I got sick. I was misdiagnosed with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, which is what my mom has, so I have this amazing role model of a woman. You would never know she was sick. She's always positive. Her theory is when your life is changed, change your life. When I got sick I had a rule: It was okay to be sad but you couldn't do it in my hospital room. When I shaved my head, I invited friends over and we had drinks and played music. It's not like I don't break down, I do. Having a good three-hour cry is important, and then you eat chocolate and you call it a day. At a certain point it's not useful energy and I have only so much energy.
Why have you chosen to donate a portion of your book's royalties to Wholesome Wave?
Philanthropy has always been a part of my life. I'm a Goldman, I don't usually talk about it much, but I'm embracing it as I get older. I never wanted people to think that I was spoiled or to judge me. I wanted to have a career for myself outside of my family, which is funny because I went into the nonprofit world. But I always wanted to be in a profession where I was giving back. I worked for the Arthritis Foundation and ODC, and while health and the arts are really important it never felt like I was touching enough people and having a big enough impact. I watched "Julie & Julia" and "Food, Inc." on the same day when I was in the middle of funemployment and I realized that food was going to be it for me, that access point that combines social issues, education, the environment, and health.
Sustainable agriculture has become my passion and my book talks about using fresh ingredients when so few people have access to good fresh food or the cost is prohibitive. It's a bigger problem than I can solve and not my expertise, so the only way I could write this book and have it sit well with me is to have it help fund people who are addressing the issue of fresh food access for everyone.
Is there a takeaway from writing this cookbook you'd like to share with home cooks?
People freak out when they're cooking a recipe and they don't have an ingredient when that really is the moment when they should jump for joy. Don't have a potato but have an apple? Go for it -- that will automatically change the dish. Enjoy experimenting, don't think recipes are set in stone, and remember that you have creative license when you cook. That's one of my favorite ways to cook: To switch out an ingredient and make it your own, just different enough, say, using fennel instead of celery. It's all good.
I'm teaching a writing class through continuing education at Stanford in April Writing Through Illness. I've been very lucky I have this platform where I get to share my experiences and it's so empowering and I think that's why I never see myself as losing out. I gained so much from telling my story. Not everyone realizes they can have that platform. It's a five-week course and at the end we're doing an open mic at the medical school.
And I'd really like to write an interactive children's story for kids with kidney disease for while they're in doctors' waiting rooms. I think I'll call it The Adventures of Frank and Stein. Frank and Stein really need their own book.
Recipe: Quick Kimchi + Crispy Tofu Salad
Kimchi comes in jars. It’s bright red. It’s salty. It was once just a Korean side dish or topper for steamed rice. But now it can be found in pancakes, on pizzas, and in major grocery store aisles. And while you cannot make an exact replica without the salt—which is an essential part of the fermentation process—you can get close with similarly punchy ingredients like chili oil, nori, vinegar, sugar, garlic, and sesame oil. The cabbage takes at least a day to soak in all the good flavors, so prepare ahead for this salad. The rest is simple and easy to assemble. Oh, and before I forget, don’t skip the crisped tofu. It adds welcome firm bite to the otherwise slick greens.
Serves 2 to 4
Effort Level: Plan Ahead
6 loosely packed cups chopped savoy or Napa cabbage
1⁄2 cup water
6 garlic cloves, smashed in a garlic press
1⁄2 sheet Pacific nori
5 tablespoons sesame oil
1⁄4 cup unseasoned rice vinegar
2 green onions, thinly sliced (everything but the bulb)
Juice of 1⁄2 lime
1 teaspoon diced ginger
1⁄2 teaspoon granulated white sugar
1⁄2 to 1 teaspoon salt-free chili oil
2 cups cubed firm tofu, 1⁄2 inch high and 1 inch wide
1⁄4 teaspoon ground turmeric
Toasted white sesame seeds
Red chili pepper flakes
Put the cabbage, water, and the garlic into a pot and bring to a rolling boil over medium heat. Cook until the cabbage is soft and wilted, 8 to 10 minutes. Meanwhile, using scissors, shred the nori into very thin 2-inch strips. Cut until you have about 1⁄2 cup of shredded nori; save any extra.
In an airtight container, whisk together 2 tablespoons of the sesame oil, the rice vinegar, nori, three-quarters of the green onions, the lime juice, ginger, sugar, and chili oil.
When the cabbage and garlic mixture has cooked, remove the pot from of the heat and drain out any leftover liquid. Transfer the cabbage and garlic to the container with the rice vinegar marinade. Place the lid on top, shake vigorously to coat. Place the tofu, 2 tablespoons of the sesame oil, and the turmeric in another airtight container, and shake it gently to spread the oil and spice. Place the cabbage and tofu containers in the refrigerator and marinate for 24 hours.
When you’re close to eating time, heat 1 tablespoon of the sesame oil in a skillet over high heat. Take the cubes of tofu out of their marinade and, working in batches, fry until their skin bubbles and turns golden brown, 3 to 5 minutes. Flip them over, sprinkle some sesame seeds on top, and fry the opposite sides, 3 to 5 minutes more. Repeat until all the tofu cubes are cooked. They are now yellow, crispy, and ready to be eaten.
To serve, place a serving of kimchi salad in bowls or on a plate and then layer the tofu on top. Sprinkle with leftover green onion slices, more sesame seeds, and chili pepper fl akes, to taste if desired.
Savoy cabbage: 20mg per 1 cup shredded; Cabbage (general variety): 13mg per 1 cup shredded; Tofu: 0 to 10mg depending on brand
Recipe: Coconut Dream Bars
This recipe for Dream Bars is from my wonderful grandmother, who I am sure pickpocketed it from someone else. But for the sake of legacy and honor, we will just go ahead and give her full credit.
These brookies (brownie cookies) are good. Really good. They are dense and insanely sweet, and the real surprise comes from the crunchy brown sugar crust (who knew you could make a crust from sugar?) and sweetened, sugar-soaked coconut (who knew coconut could get even tastier?). This is what makes them really addictive. So don’t be embarrassed when you find yourself picking at the caramelized pieces of dream bars that stick to the side of the pan. I do it, too, every time I make them.
This dessert is superchewy and it holds up well when given a deep dunk in a glass of coconut milk. To make them, you need only a few bowls, one pan, and 40 minutes of your precious time. So bake up a batch whenever you have a sweet-tooth craving and an hour to spare. And make sure to grab a few for yourself before daring to share with others.
To jazz them up, pair the bars with fresh strawberries or raspberries, or even a drizzle of melted dark chocolate on the top, because who says no to melted chocolate? These are sweet dreams come true.
Makes 12 to 16 bars
1/2 cup unsweetened shredded coconut
1 cup sugar water (1 cup water plus 1 cup granulated white sugar)
1 cup plus 2 tablespoons all-purpose flour
8 tablespoons (1 stick) unsalted butter, cut into small chunks and softened at room temperature
1 1/2 cups packed dark brown sugar
2 large eggs, beaten
2 teaspoons vanilla extract
1/2 teaspoons sodium-free baking powder
Preheat the oven to 350°F.
Place the coconut into a small bowl, and in a small saucepan, bring the sugar water to a simmer over a medium-low heat. When it begins bubbling, pour the sugar water over the coconut and let it soak for 30 minutes. Drain the coconut from the sugar water.
In a separate small bowl, using your fingers to mix 1 cup of the flour, the softened butter cubes, and 1/2 cup of the brown sugar until it forms a crumbly dough. This is your crust.
Spread the dough evenly along the bottom of a greased 8 by 8-inch baking pan, using your fingers to press the dough onto the bottom and sides of the pan. Your crust should be about 1/2 inch thick. Place the pan in the oven and bake until the crust is lightly browned, 15 minutes. Remove the pan from the oven and let the crust cool for about 10 minutes.
Meanwhile, mix the remaining 1 cup brown sugar, the eggs, vanilla extract, remaining 2 tablespoons flour, the baking powder, and the drained coconut. Pour the mixture evenly over the crust.
Place the dream bars in the oven and bake for 25 minutes. When the top has turned a caramel-brown color and has hardened, remove the bars from the oven, sprinkle with powdered sugar, and serve warm.
Raw coconut: 0 to 15mg per 1 cup depending on brand; Eggs: 71mg per large egg