The three other honorary Oscars are intended to recognize individuals who have made significant contributions to the industry but have not yet taken home Oscar gold.
Lynch, 73, is a four-time Oscar nominee for “The Elephant Man,” in which he was nominated for what is now known as an adapted screenplay and best director. His other nominations are for best director for “Blue Velvet” and “Mulholland Dr.”
Studi, 71, has never received an Oscar nomination, but has been part of a number of Oscar-nominated and winning films like “Dances with Wolves,” ″The Last of the Mohicans,” ″The New World,” and “Geronimo: An American Legend.”
At 90, Wertmüller is perhaps unfairly the least famous of the recipients, but broke enormous ground for women in the industry when she became the first woman to get a best director nomination for the film “Seven Beauties” in 1976. Wertmüller lost out to John G. Avildsen, who won for “Rocky.” Only four other women have followed in getting that best director nomination: Jane Campion, Sofia Coppola, Kathryn Bigelow and Greta Gerwig, and Bigelow is the only woman who has won.
The film academy’s board of governors voted on this year’s recipients Saturday, months earlier than usual to accommodate the shortened awards calendar this year.
“These Governors Awards given by the Academy each year recognize individuals who have devoted themselves to a lifetime of artistic accomplishment and brought outstanding contributions to our industry, and beyond,” said film academy President John Bailey in a statement.
The 11th annual ceremony will be held on Oct. 27, a month earlier than usual, at the Ray Dolby Ballroom in Hollywood just steps away from where the Oscars will take place on Feb. 9, 2020.