She was won over, however, when she met Ben Branson, who was inspired to create Seedlip when he came across a 17th-century book, The Art of Distillation. Written by physician John French, the volume contained recipes for distilled nonalcoholic remedies for a variety of maladies — from epilepsy to kidney stones. Branson had other ideas.
"I wanted to change the way the world drinks, with grown-up alternatives," he says. "Nobody feels great drinking a Shirley Temple or a club soda when they go out. I wanted to create something without compromise, without trying to copy something else."
For Branson, that meant creating "spirits" that didn't necessarily mimic gin, tequila or another traditional alcohol, but instead using herbs, spices, citrus and even peas from his family farm to create distinct flavor profiles. Bartenders such as Wiznitzer add Seedlip to a variety of mixers to create unique zero-proof cocktails. In fact, Wiznitzer says, "Quite often, no one knows the difference."
Zero-proof brands such as Seedlip, Ceder's, Herbie, Whissen and Strykk are aiming to disrupt the way we view traditional liquor-focused cocktails.
Indeed, Joanna Carpenter, a self-described "semi-sober" bar director at Town Stages in Manhattan, says that flavor, not alcohol content, is the true driver behind a great cocktail.
"When you get down to it," she says, "we're selling a toxin. If there's a way to celebrate a flavor and a beautiful experience without always relying on alcohol, then we should be doing it."
Curious Elixirs, a line of bottled zero-proof cocktails, was dreamt up by former bar owner John Wiseman after a night when he says he consumed some 20 alcoholic drinks — and suffered no ill effects the next day. "I was trying to chase the dragon," he says, "and that's when I realized it was a problem." Coming up with nonalcoholic options to some of his favorite cocktails, such as a classic Negroni or a spicy cross between a Dark 'n' Stormy and a margarita, Wiseman set out to craft alternatives that were less sweet, low-calorie and easy drinking.
"I still like a cocktail," Wiseman says, "but if I'm hanging out with friends for four or five hours and have a couple of traditional cocktails, what am I drinking in between? Customers who don't want alcohol should be able to have something special too."
The reasons why people choose not to drink alcohol are varied, says Ezra Star, general manager of Boston cocktail bar Drink, such as health, religion or allergies. But several studies, including one funded by Mocktails, a U.K.-based bottled zero-proof cocktail company that Star works with, also found that one compelling reason for the younger generation to abstain was social media.
"Young people don't want to look ridiculous," Star says. "They want to participate, but they are also very conscious of how they look."
Not wanting to be blackout drunk is always a good goal, but choosing not to drink when out with friends can sometimes be viewed as social suicide.
"I personally have gotten bullied for being out with large groups and not drinking," says Carpenter, the bartender. "It's important for people to be able to go out to a bar and not feel shamed or judged. You just want someone to be nice to you and give you a sense of belonging."
That's where a well-crafted zero-proof cocktail comes in — and it might cost close to the same as the alcohol-fueled items on the same menu, because of the labor and the pricier ingredients being used, whether it's exotic fruits or products like Seedlip, which retails for about the same price as many traditional liquor brands.
"I love to cook," says Carpenter, "so I'm making shrubs and bitters and garnishes. There's a lot of labor that goes into those. I use Seedlip for a nonalcoholic Gibson martini with a house-made pickle brine — it's truly a craft cocktail. It just doesn't happen to have alcohol in it."
In developing recipes for the Mocktails brand, Star focused on building complex flavors that could provide the same experience of traditional favorites, including a sangria made with a blend of grapes sourced from Italy, France and Spain. Bitter orange and juniper lend some traditional flavor to many of the recipes, while ingredients such as carthamus flower and black carrot can add more earthy, vegetal notes, keeping the recipe from skewing too sweet.
"People are shocked that the zero-proof margarita doesn't have tequila in it," Star says. "But complex flavors can mimic spirits."
Seedlip's Branson agrees, saying, "If you take the alcohol out, it won't just magically be the same. Ultimately, that drink has to stand on its own."
Kristen Hartke is a food writer based in Washington, D.C.