Jeopardy! was a hybrid trivia quiz and IQ test created in 1964 by TV host Merv Griffin and his wife, Julann. It was designed to restore credibility to the TV game show genre, which had fallen into disrepute following the cheating scandals of the 1950s. Twenty years after it began, Trebek became the host of Jeopardy! when it was syndicated. For his first three seasons, Trebek was also the show's producer.
"Most of the time, our contestants are not there for the money on Jeopardy!," he told NPR's Fresh Air in 1987. "They are there to show off their intellectual skills. They are there to have their moment in the sun and be television stars for that half-hour."
In 2016, he told NPR that he liked chatting with contestants to get a sense of their personalities. "Some of them—for want of a better term—are nerds, but most of them are just bright people," Trebek said on Weekend Edition. "What I'm trying to do is get across to the viewers that these are ordinary folks—you're going to like them."
Jeopardy! champ James Holzhauer once compared Trebek's credibility to newsman Walter Cronkite's. But the host also sometimes poked fun at himself and wore goofy costumes. Trebek voiced himself in the animated series The Simpsons, and comic actor Will Ferrell parodied him on Saturday Night Live.
When asked why Jeopardy! survived while countless other game shows had come and gone, Trebek credited the "the gimmick" of the question-and-answer format. But it was more than that: "Americans are very competitive, and people play along at home just to test themselves," he said.
Trebek knew those fans playing along at home often got all the answers. They'd say, " 'Gosh, I sit at home in my living room and I get everything right,' " Trebek said—and he acknowledged it was true. "Most people do a lot better in their living rooms than they will ever do on the program."
In March 2019, Trebek delivered some bad news directly to fans. "Just like 50,000 other people in the United States each year, this week I was diagnosed with stage 4 pancreatic cancer," he announced in an online video. "Normally the prognosis for this is not very encouraging, but I'm going to fight this. ... Truth told, I have to, because under the terms of my contract, I have to host Jeopardy! for three more years."
Trebek vowed to continue working, and he did, through bouts of chemotherapy.
In November 2019, one contestant expressed what many Jeopardy! fans were feeling: For his "Final Jeopardy!" answer, Dhruv Gaur wagered $1,995 on his answer: "What is We ❤ you, Alex!"
Ted Robbins edited this story. Beth Novey contributed to the Web version.
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