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school desksImage CreditResources and Credits


Special thanks to Kevin Carey, Research and Policy Manager, Education Sector.

Research Sources

We’re grateful to the following resources for providing background information for this activity:

Carey, Kevin,
Research and Policy Manager of Education Sector, testimony before the House Committee on Education and Labor (September 2007).
Miller, George,
U.S. Representative and Chairman of the House Education and Labor Committee, opening statement (July 24, 2008).
Articles and Background
Center on Education Policy,
“Has Student Achievement Increased Since 2002?” (June 2008).
Chait, Robin,
“Start the Surge: Reauthorize the No Child Left Behind Act Now,” Center for American Progress (February 4, 2008).
Council for Basic Education,
“Academic Atrophy” (March 2004).
Davis, Michelle,
“Study: NCLB Leads to Cuts for Some Subjects,” Education Week (April 3, 2006).
Dillon, Erin,
“Scrap NCLB? No,” Reason Roundtable (December 13, 2007).
“Annual Report on Education Systems in the EU Confirms Slow But Steady Progress” (July 10, 2008).
Thomas B. Fordham Institute,
“High Achieving Student in the Era of NCLB” (June 18, 2008).
Forster, Greg,
“Critics Miss Benefits of No Child Left Behind,” PajamasMedia (May 16, 2008).
Gifted Exchange,
“Did NCLB Hurt Gifted Students?“ (June 20, 2008).
Gordon, Edward E.,
The 2010 Meltdown, Praeger Publishers (September 30, 2005).
Herszenhorn, David,
“Fewer Students Are Enrolling for Tutoring,” The New York Times (October 15, 2003).
Janc, Helen,
“Student Political Civic Leadership Development in a Higher Education Coordinating Board,” George Washington University (2004).
Knorr, Alyse,
“Music Education Faces Multiple Threats,” Kansas City infoZine (July 11, 2008).
Kumar, Ruma,
“Reading, Math Eat Up Class Hours,” The Atlantic Philanthropies (February 21, 2008).
Larson, Erik,
Thunderstruck, Three Rivers Press (2006).
Lewin, Tamar,
“States Found to Vary Widely on Education,” The New York Times (June 8, 2007).
Loschert, Kristen,
“Curtain Call,” NEA Today (November 2004).
Lowry, Tom,
“Charter Schools Get the Test Scores Up,” Business Week (July 7, 2008).
Mielczarek, Natalia,
“Few in Metro Use Free Tutoring,” The Tennessean (July 27, 2008).
National Center for Education Statistics,
“Mapping 2005 State Proficiency Standards Onto the NAEP Scales“ (June 2007).
“Highlights From PISA 2006“ (2008).
Osborn, Alan,
“EUROPE: Raising Education Standards,” University World News (July 20, 2008).
Parker, Douglas,
“Changes to the NCLB Act: Gifted Education Is Neglected Again,” Suite (April 27, 2008).
Public Education Network,
“Community Accountability for Quality Schools“ (June 2008).
Ramírez, Eddy,
“Keeping Count of Students Who Drop Out,” U.S. News & World Report (May 16, 2008).,
“Making a Bad Law Even Worse“ (November 9, 2007).
Spohn, Cydney,
“Teacher Perspectives on No Child Left Behind and Arts Education: A Case Study,” (May 22, 2008).
Starmack, Jeanne,
“New Farrell Principal Talks Only About Future,” (August 24, 2008).
Stern, Sol,
“A Marshall Plan for Reading,” Manhattan Institute’s City Journal (Summer 2008).
Turque, Bill,
“Rhee Has Dismissed 24 Principals,” The Washington Post (May 16, 2008).
Van der Ploeg, Frederick, and Reinhilde Veugelers,
“Higher Education Reform and the Renewed Lisbon Strategy“ (2007).
White, David,
“U.S. develops ‘Techno-Peasants’ in Place of Capable Workers, Author Says,” (August 14, 2008).

More Information

Center on Education Policy
Education Sector
Thomas B. Fordham Institute
National Education Association
National Center for Education Statistics
Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development

Image Sources

Step 1 image montage:

Step 2 image montage:

Step 3 image montage:
  • iStockPhoto file #1235153 eyecrave
  • iStockPhoto file #6542067 summersetretrievers
  • iStockPhoto file #4754474 by PeskyMonkey

Step 4 image montage:

Step 5 image montage:


  • Researched and written by Lauren Barack
  • Produced and edited by Meghan Laslocky
  • Designed by Rick Elizaga and Eric Westby
  • Created by KQED Interactive
  • In memory of Sean Fagan