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U.S. flag with medical symbol in place of stars and dollar bill as stripes, stethoscope resting atopResources and Credits

Research Sources

We’re grateful to the following resources for providing background information for this activity:

American College of Physicians
Democratic Underground
Everbody In, Nobody Out
No Free Lunch
Physicians for a National Health Care Program (PNHCP)
“Why the U.S. Needs a Single Payer Health System” by David U. Himmelstein, M.D. & Steffie Woolhandler, M.D.
Physicians for a National Health Care Program (PNHCP)
“No Health Insurance? It's Enough to Make You Sick”
American College of Physicians
“Uninsured Children” by Dena Bunis
Salon, October 21, 1999
“Waiting Room” by Scott Harris
Salon, October 21, 1999
“Clinton Continues to Push for Reforms” by Dena Bunis
Salon, January 21, 2000
“Courting the Uninsured” by Dena Bunis
Salon, April 13, 2000
“Single Payer is not so Simple and Smart” by Michael Arnold Glueck, M.D. & Robert J. Cihak, M.D.
WorldNetDaily, April 13, 2001
“Medical Association Won't Back Single-Payer Health Plan” by Peter Neurath
Puget Sound Business Journal, October 1, 2001
“Study: Problems With Medicare Drugs”
Associated Press, April 10, 2002
“Critics Research Single-Payer Flaws” by Frank J. Heller
Maine Skeptic, November 1, 2002
“Critics Blast Oregon's HilaryCare Proposal” by Jon Dougherty
WorldNetDaily, September 29, 2002
“Health Insurance Coverage: 2001,” adapted from a U.S. Census Bureau Report
Alamanac of Policy Issues, September 30, 2002
“Hazardous to your Health” by Debra Saunders, December 27, 2002
“Heath-care Demagogues” by Doug Bandow, December 31, 2002
“Costs of Health Care Administration in the United States and Canada” by Steffie Woolhandler, M.D., M.P.H, Terry Campbell, M.H.A., and David U. Himmelstein, M.D.
Massachusetts Medical Society, 2003
“Universal Health Care Won't Work -- Witness Medicare” by Sue A. Blevins
The Cato Institute, April 11, 2003
“Gephardt Issues Proposal on Health Insurance” by Adam Nagourney
New York Times, April 24, 2003
“Democrats Taking a Big Gamble on Health Insurance” by James Kuhnhenn
Knight Ridder Newspapers, April 25, 2003
“Universal Health Care” by Thomas Sowell, May 6, 2003
“Gephardt's Elephant” by Robert Novak, May 8, 2003
“Universal Health Care in California Carries a Hefty Price Tag” by Robert Kazel
American Medical News, May 12, 2003
“Legislature Enacts Universal Health Care Plan”
Associated Press, June 17, 2003
“Problems Similar Across Health Care Systems” by Maggie Fox
Reuters, June 20, 2003
“Impacts of Health Care Reform: Projections of Costs And Savings” by Kenneth E. Thorpe, Ph.D.
National Coalition on Health Care, 2005

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  • Written by Melissa Joulwan
  • Produced by Meghan Laslocky
  • Designed by Rick Elizaga and Eric Westby
  • Created by KQED Interactive
  • In memory of Sean Fagan