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PBS NewsHour

Doctor tests positive for Ebola in New York

A newly-reported Ebola patient, New York's first, is being treated at Bellevue Hospital in ManhattanPhoto by Flickr
         user Jeffrey Zeldman

A newly-reported Ebola patient, New York’s first, is being treated at Bellevue Hospital in Manhattan. Photo by Flickr user Jeffrey Zeldman

A doctor tested positive for Ebola in New York City after returning from a trip treating the disease in Guinea, the Associated Press reports.

Craig Spencer, a 33-year-old Doctors Without Borders physician and emergency room doctor, was brought to Bellevue Hospital in Manhattan Thursday after reporting a 103-degree fever. Spencer is currently being treated in an isolation ward within the hospital.

Spencer is the first diagnosed Ebola patient for New York and the fourth confirmed case in the United States.

Bellevue Hospital released a statement Thursday afternoon after Spencer’s transfer, but before confirmation of his diagnosis:

Today, EMS HAZ TAC Units transferred to Bellevue Hospital a patient who presented a fever and gastrointestinal symptoms.

The patient is a health care worker who returned to the U.S. within the past 21 days from one of the three countries currently facing the outbreak of this virus.

The patient was transported by a specially trained HAZ TAC unit wearing Personal Protective Equipment (PPE). After consulting with the hospital and the CDC, DOHMH has decided to conduct a test for the Ebola virus because of this patient’s recent travel history, pattern of symptoms, and past work. DOHMH and HHC are also evaluating the patient for other causes of illness, as these symptoms can also be consistent with salmonella, malaria, or the stomach flu.

Preliminary test results are expected in the next 12 hours.

Bellevue Hospital is designated for the isolation, identification and treatment of potential Ebola patients by the City and State. New York City is taking all necessary precautions to ensure the health and safety of all New Yorkers.

As a further precaution, beginning today, the Health Department’s team of disease detectives immediately began to actively trace all of the patient’s contacts to identify anyone who may be at potential risk. The Health Department staff has established protocols to identify, notify, and, if necessary, quarantine any contacts of Ebola cases.

The Health Department is also working closely with HHC leadership, Bellevue’s clinical team and the New York State Department of Health to ensure that all staff caring for the patient do so while following the utmost safety guidelines and protocols.

The chances of the average New Yorker contracting Ebola are extremely slim. Ebola is spread by directly touching the bodily fluids of an infected person. You cannot be infected simply by being near someone who has Ebola.

The post Doctor tests positive for Ebola in New York appeared first on PBS NewsHour.

Space-inspired safety gear, contamination-cleaning robots: How innovation could aid Ebola prevention

Soldiers from the U.S. Army 615th Engineer Company, 52nd Engineer Battalion put on one of three pairs
         of protective gloves during the final session of personal protective equipment training at Ft. Carson in Colorado Springs

Watch Video | Listen to the Audio

JUDY WOODRUFF: The World Health Organization reported the Ebola outbreak is still racing well ahead of efforts to stop it. West Africa needs at least 4,000 more hospital beds and thousands more workers.

In addition, the first case in Mali was confirmed today. And while drugs and vaccines are still being developed, there’s a push to see if science can find new and different answers.

The president’s team had a meeting on that subject today.

Shortly afterward, our science correspondent, Miles O’Brien, sat down in the Briefing Room with the president’s top science adviser, John Holdren.

MILES O’BRIEN: Dr. Holdren, thank you so much for being with us.

JOHN HOLDREN, Director, White House Office of Science and Technology Policy: Happy to be here.

MILES O’BRIEN: Tell us a little bit — for people who are uninitiated, a little bit about this group and this meeting. What was the goal here today?

JOHN HOLDREN: Well, the President’s Council of Advisers on Science and Technology is a group of leaders from the scientific, engineering and biomedical communities from around the country who advise the president on a part-time basis, bringing perspectives from that wider science and technology community to bear on the policy issues the president has on his plate.

Of course, one of the big policy issues the president has on his plate now is the Ebola challenge. And the idea of this meeting was to call together the PCAST members, at the president’s request, to share their ideas with him, particularly about what capabilities, ideas and approaches from the private sector and the academic sector could be married to what the government is already doing on the Ebola challenge, which is a lot, in order to amplify and improve the effectiveness of the whole effort.

MILES O’BRIEN: Let’s talk a little bit about technology here.


MILES O’BRIEN: Are there technological solutions out there that are within the time frame of the current crisis that could make a dent?

And one of the things we think about, of course, is protecting our health care workers. Is there a better garment and a better procedure out there that your group is seeing?

JOHN HOLDREN: Well, in fact, we have been working inside the government on better personal protective equipment. They call it PPE.

We had a two-day workshop October 10 and 11 with over a hundred innovators, inventors, public health practitioners, doctors, working on how to improve these garments. Of course, part of the challenge with the garments we have is making sure you put them on and take them off in a way that is safe.

But a further problem with them is that they’re not air-conditioned. And a lot of this work is going out in very hot and humid environments. The workers can only stay in these garments for maybe 40 minutes to an hour. So, we’re working on garments that can be cooled. We also have assistance from NASA in this space.

This is very much inside the government, an interagency effort. NASA knows how to make protective suits that work in extreme environments. We’re tapping that expertise, along with others, to end up with better suits so that the health care workers can work longer and safer.

MILES O’BRIEN: So, if we can put a man on the moon, we can make them safe to deal with Ebola, can’t we?





MILES O’BRIEN: Let’s talk a little bit about another technological solution that I read about. I was a little bit skeptical about it, the idea that robots could somehow be employed to deal with this crisis in a way that would protect human beings. Is that realistic at this point?

JOHN HOLDREN: Well, in fact, we are having a workshop, my office, the Office of Science and Technology Policy, and a number of other partners on November 7 on potential uses of robots in the Ebola challenge.

Perhaps the best example of how a robot can be useful is cleaning up and decontaminating a room that has had Ebola patients in it, and has a lot of contaminated stuff in it. Obviously, if you could have a robot do that, and do it effectively, it would be safer than having a human being dealing with all of that contaminated waste and mess.

MILES O’BRIEN: But are robots really ready for that?

JOHN HOLDREN: I think they probably are.

I mean, you would be amazed at what robots can now do. You know, we have robots being developed that can fight fires and go into dangerous fire situations that you wouldn’t want to send a human fireman into. We can certainly — we can certainly make a robot that can decontaminate a room.


MILES O’BRIEN: I suspect that’s not within the time frame of the immediate crisis, however, right?

JOHN HOLDREN: I wouldn’t be so sure. I think we could probably adapt some existing robots to be useful in the current situation in a fairly short span of time.

MILES O’BRIEN: All right.

Let’s talk a little bit on the science side for a minute. I know this is not your particular area of expertise, so — and there are other people in the government who are…

JOHN HOLDREN: Thank you for recognizing.


MILES O’BRIEN: You are a physicist, and I get that. So, as — but there are a lot of people who have been working for some time on vaccines.


JOHN HOLDREN: Absolutely.

MILES O’BRIEN: But Ebola has been around for a long time, and we’re still waiting for a vaccine. Is it still quite some time before one might be available?

JOHN HOLDREN: Well, obviously, the current crisis has ramped up the interest and the effort in developing an Ebola vaccine. There is a promising vaccine in what they call phase one testing right now, looking to confirm the immunological response that one is looking for in a vaccine that would then, if it passes that test, go into what they call phase two and three testing, where they are looking for efficacy and the absence of any unmanageable side effects.

It is possible that we would have a vaccine by some time next year. These time scales are challenging. You have to do clinical trials to be sure that you are dealing with a vaccine that is going to do a lot of good and not a lot of harm on the side.

And with luck, we will have a vaccine in a matter of months, not in years. But then you have the challenges of ramping up the production. And one of the things that, with PCAST, the President’s Council of Advisers on Science and Technology, is looking at is, how can the government and the private sector work together to make sure that we have the production capacity that would be needed the moment we have a good vaccine?

MILES O’BRIEN: I would be remiss if we didn’t talk about the travel ban, much discussed, much misunderstood. The question is, you know, if you are trying to stop the spread of a disease, isn’t it prudent to stop the spread of the people who might be carrying the disease, and wouldn’t it be prudent to initiate a travel ban from people coming out of these countries?

JOHN HOLDREN: We think a travel ban is actually a bad idea, in that it would make the American public less safe and our challenge of dealing with this epidemic worse.

MILES O’BRIEN: How so less safe?

JOHN HOLDREN: And the reason is that, if you emplace a travel ban, first of all, you only catch a modest fraction of the people who are moving around.

We have, for example, about 150 people a day traveling directly to the United States from these countries, that is, not on a broken itinerary, where they stop for a week in London or Paris or Brussels in between, about 150 a day; 55 percent of those are American citizens who have a constitutional right to return to the United States.

Another 10 percent are green card holders who one is not sure their permanent residence. We’re not sure that it would be a great idea to keep American green card holders from returning. But the worst thing about a travel ban is that it would drive travel underground.

Right now, we are able to identify and monitor the people who are coming in from these countries. As you know from the newspaper, we now have them all funneling into five airports. Everybody who comes in from these countries is advised to monitor and report in every day on their temperature and whether they are showing any symptoms.

You put a travel ban on, you’re going to drive the travel underground. There are lots of routes by which people can get into this country without being noticed in the net you would have under a travel ban. And you will have far less control, far less insight, far less monitoring than you have now.

You would, in addition, of course, with a travel ban, make it much harder for health workers to come in and out, make it much harder for us to control the epidemic there. If we can’t control the epidemic there, the sources from which it could spread to the United States will propagate and, again, in that longer-term respect, we will also be worse off.

MILES O’BRIEN: To the extent that you are dealing with in this country an epidemic of fear more than an epidemic of disease, would announcing a travel ban, to the extent that it might allay some fears, would it be prudent in that respect?

JOHN HOLDREN: I think embracing a bad policy for reasons of optics is almost always a bad idea.

In fact, as a scientist, I would venture to say it is always a bad idea. If this is a bad policy, we shouldn’t do it. And we should use our ability to communicate with the American public and to educate them to persuade them why it is a bad idea. It is a bad idea because it would make us less safe, and not more safe.

MILES O’BRIEN: Dr. John Holdren, thank you so much for your time.

JOHN HOLDREN: My pleasure.

GWEN IFILL: So far, the more immediate Ebola threat domestically, at least, has been the fear and anxiety it has sparked. Online, we break down the impact this kind of stress can have on your health. That is on our Rundown.

The post Space-inspired safety gear, contamination-cleaning robots: How innovation could aid Ebola prevention appeared first on PBS NewsHour.

The real threat Americans face from Ebola is the anxiety that it’s causing

Jeff Hulbert from Annapolis, Maryland, dressed in a protective suit and mask holds a poster demanding for a halt of all
         flights from West Africa,as he protests outside the White House in Washington, DC on October 16, 2014. Photo by Mladen Antonio/AFP/Getty

Jeff Hulbert from Annapolis, Maryland, dressed in a protective suit and mask holds a poster demanding for a halt of all flights from West Africa,as he protests outside the White House in Washington, DC on October 16, 2014. Photo by Mladen Antonio/AFP/Getty Images

WASHINGTON — Ebola is giving Americans a crash course in fear.

Yet, they’re incredibly less likely to get the disease than to get sick worrying about it.

First, the reality check: More Americans have married Kim Kardashian — three — than contracted Ebola in the U.S. The two Dallas nurses who came down with Ebola were infected while treating a Liberian man, who became infected in West Africa.

Still, schools have been closed, people shunned and members of Congress have demanded travel bans and other dramatic action — even though health officials keep stressing that the disease is only spread through direct contact with bodily fluids from an infected person, and the risk to Americans is extremely low.

That’s because Ebola pushes every fear button in our instincts, making us react more emotionally than rationally, experts say.

“The worry that people are being subjected to as a result of the hysteria around this is probably doing more damage than the actual disease,” said E. Alison Holman, a professor at the University of California, Irvine, who studied the health effects of populations worried after watching coverage of the Sept. 11 attacks, the Boston Marathon bombing and Iraq war. “Frankly flu is more serious.”


Holman found in studies published by the American Medical Association that the people who spent more time watching television coverage on the Sept. 11 attacks — and reported fear and anxiety — were three times as likely to report new heart problems. The more coverage they watched, the more physical ailments they reported, she said.

Similarly, after the Boston Marathon bombing, people who watched six hours or more of coverage reported far more stress than those who watched less, Holman said. That was true even for those at the bombing.

Bruce McEwen, a neuroscientist who studies stress at Rockefeller University in New York, said the fear can lead people to change their lifestyle, making them isolate themselves, lose sleep, stop exercising, change their diet for the worse and drink or smoke.

“It’s likely to cause them problems down the road even if there is no direct infection,” McEwen said.


There are two types of fear that can almost come down to good fear and bad fear.

The good fear is the type we look for around Halloween in haunted houses or on roller coaster rides at amusement parks. It’s short, intense, gets our juices going and removes boredom, said Vanderbilt University psychiatry professor David Zald.

“There’s a benefit of being afraid. In controlled situations, many of us enjoy briefly being afraid,” Zald said. “It can whip our attention to the here and now like nothing else.”

There’s a sense of mastery or bravery that comes out of walking out alive from a haunted house or giant roller coaster, Zald said.

That type of acute-but-short stress actually makes our immune system work better, McEwen said.

But long-term exposure to stress has the reverse effect on the immune system. That’s when it elevates our blood pressure and contributes to heart disease.


One of the major unknown problems with risk and fear is that the public doesn’t understand how at risk they are from worry, not disease. “It’ll do far more damage than the disease,” said David Ropeik, who teaches risk perception and communication and has written two books on risk.

Doctors and government officials tell us not to worry and how hard it is to get Ebola, which is re-assuring, Ropeik said. But “all the alarms are filling up on our radar screens,” and we give more weight to the alarms because of the fear of death, he said.

Ebola pushes “all those fear buttons” because it is new and foreign, said George Gray, director of the Center for Risk Science and Public Health at George Washington University.

Part of it is just the fear of the unknown, said Mark Schuster, professor of pediatrics at Harvard Medical School. “It’s not a name that’s familiar. It doesn’t sound like an English word. It comes from another continent.”

Americans who say they don’t quite understand how Ebola is transmitted report being more worried than those who say they do, according to an Associated Press-GfK Poll conducted in the past week and released Wednesday. Overall, 58 percent of those who acknowledge they don’t understand Ebola very well say they are concerned it will spread widely in the U.S., compared to 46 percent of those who say they understand Ebola transmission.

We fear what we can’t control. People often fear the far less deadly plane travel than driving because they aren’t in control. Seeing trained medical professionals catch the disease despite protective gear only adds to the fear, Zald said.

Instead of using dry statistics such as 1 in 150 million, comparing your chances of contracting Ebola in America to that of marrying Kim Kardashian helps people understand and visualize risk better, Zald and Schuster said.

Mistakes and wrong statements by public health officials and politicization of the issue only make fear and public trust worse, said Baruch Fischhoff, a professor of decision sciences at Carnegie Mellon University.

Add wall-to-wall coverage that makes Ebola easy to picture.

“You create this hysteria about Ebola and unfounded fear, and people get all worried,” Holman said.

Ropeik said, thinking about how worrying can make us sick may put Ebola more in perspective: “We need to fear the danger of getting risk wrong … Chronic worry is really bad for our health.”

The post The real threat Americans face from Ebola is the anxiety that it’s causing appeared first on PBS NewsHour.

How to balance your career with the needs of an aging family member

Photo by Getty Images/MoMo Productions

Four in 10 working Americans have provided care to aging loved ones in the last five years. While the toll can be severe, there are resources to help. Photo by Getty Images/MoMo Productions

Your boss has asked you to stay a couple of hours late to finish a project. In years past, this was not a problem — you stayed to help out. But now your 84-year-old father, who suffers from Alzheimer’s disease, has moved in with you. He needs help preparing dinner and managing his numerous medications. He’s not safe on his own. What do you do?

Holding a job and caring for a frail or ill older family member at home can be a huge challenge as you attempt to balance competing demands on your time and energy. As our population ages, more families than ever are providing this care. According to studies, as many as 42 percent of working Americans — more than 54 million people — have provided eldercare in the last five years; 17 percent currently provide care. The average age of caregivers is 49 — a peak year for earnings and for career achievement. Women take on slightly more responsibility for care, but men are greatly impacted, as well.

Current demographic trends make this issue even more urgent:

  • The massive Baby Boomer generation is at caregiving age, and soon many will need care themselves.
  • We’re living longer, resulting in more debilitating, age-related illnesses such as Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s, arthritis, diabetes and stroke.
  • Hospital stays are shorter, so more care is needed at home.
  • Women, traditionally caregivers for both children and the elderly, are now in the workforce and less available to provide full-time care.
  • Work disruptions due to employee caregiving responsibilities result in productivity losses to businesses of an estimated $2,110 per year per employee — up to $33.6 billion per year for full-time employees as a group.
  • What kinds of care do family caregivers provide?

    The types of care range from personal (bathing, dressing, help with toileting, feeding) to everyday tasks and activities (preparing meals, providing transportation, handling finances, managing medications, coordinating services, communicating with health care professionals). The average caregiver provides care for more than four years, with some care extending for decades. Few caregivers use paid help. Fully 76 percent of working caregivers rely only on their families and themselves. At times, caregiving can seem like a second job.

    While families may undertake such care willingly and lovingly, there can be long-lasting consequences — both personal and financial — for working caregivers. These may include poorer health, increased stress, time lost from work, lower productivity, quitting a job to give care, lost employer paid health benefits and lower current and future earnings, including Social Security and pension income. Eventually, 10 percent of caregivers report quitting their jobs to provide care full-time, resulting in an average loss of more than $303,880 each in wage, Social Security income and pension income over a lifetime.

    Keys to managing the balancing act: Evaluating needs, exploring options

    To start, it’s important to evaluate your parent’s current living situation and assess how care needs can be met. Consider your parent’s safety, isolation, ability to be left alone, medical needs, and what help is available to handle basic daily activities.

    Your challenge as a caregiver is to determine how best to utilize the time and energy you have available for caregiving in addition to meeting the demands of your job and family responsibilities. Everyone’s situation is different, and for many families, there’s no simple, single solution. Instead, they create an intricate patchwork of services and assistance. Be aware that care needs will change, so different solutions may be needed in the future.

    In sorting out your family’s needs, it helps to:

  • Make a list of all you do as a caregiver. For example, I do the grocery shopping; help Mom dress every morning; take Dad to the doctor; pay his bills; order prescriptions; do her laundry; make his dinner.
  • Make a second list of what you might be able to delegate to others and the times you need help.
  • Determine whether the care can be delivered at home, a senior center, an adult day care center, or another location.
  • Determine how much money your parent or your family can afford to pay for outside help.
  • Explore services and care options in your community or near your parent’s home. Ask friends and neighbors about local services and care providers.
  • Be willing to ask for help, and seek counseling from community organizations that offer advice for caregivers.
  • How to locate community resources

  • Information and Referral: These are generally free services, maintained by senior, community or government organizations, to help you locate local programs and services. Some employers also offer information through Employee Assistance Programs (EAPs).
  • The Internet provides resource listings and online support groups where you can seek information. Family Caregiver Alliance’s (FCA) online Family Care Navigator offers information on public resources for every state. The national Eldercare Locator provides information on Area Agencies on Aging and other services.
  • Informal Arrangements: There may be chores that can be done by friends, family, neighbors or faith group members.
  • A family meeting can be helpful in identifying needs, discussing medical legal and financial issues, sharing concerns and delegating tasks.
  • Adult Day Centers: Many working caregivers find adult day centers to be life-savers. The centers provide social and therapeutic activities for older adults and adults with disabilities in a safe, supportive environment. Some offer transportation, meals, personal care, and medical or allied health care. Participants attend several hours per day, up to five days a week, making it possible for you, as caregiver, to go to work assured that your parent is in a safe place.
  • In-Home Care: Care at home can be formal (paid) through a home care agency or privately hired aide, or informal (unpaid) — a friend, family member or volunteer.
  • Other community resources: Services include geriatric care managers, home-delivered meals, transportation, temporary overnight care, and support groups. An FCA fact sheet on Community Care Options offers more information.
  • What Employers Can Do

    A growing number of employers recognize caregiving as a workplace issue that affects everyone from CEOs to delivery staff. Larger corporations sometimes are able to offer support in ways smaller ones cannot, but there are actions that companies of any size can take to support employees who have caregiving responsibilities:

  • The most requested adjustment is flexibility in work hours. This may include allowing a change in hours; a compressed work schedule; a part-time schedule; job sharing; telecommuting and a limit on mandatory overtime. Studies show that flexible scheduling improves job performance, decreases tardiness and employee turnover, and increases job satisfaction and retention (even for employees are who are not currently caregivers).
  • Companies with 50 or more employees must comply with the federal Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA), which allows for up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave (or 26 weeks to care for an active service member). The leave may be used to care for a seriously ill parent, spouse or child. Job and health insurance are protected. However, approximately half of U.S. companies have fewer than 50 employees and are exempt from FMLA requirements. Nonetheless, many use FMLA guidelines to provide support for individual employees.
  • Paid Family Leave (PFL) is a mandated benefit that covers caregivers of a seriously ill parent, child, spouse or registered domestic partner, as well as new parents. Only a handful of states currently offer paid family leave.
  • Knowledgeable HR or Employee Assistance Program (EAP) staff can provide information on helpful Internet sites, local services, care managers, and company leave policies.
  • Various state regulations and certain sections of the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act) prohibit employers from discriminating against caregiving employees (for example, passing over employees for promotion, stereotyping employees because of caregiving status).
  • Company-sponsored training for supervisors enhances understanding of the conflicting demands of work and caregiving and ensures that mandates for family leave and antidiscrimination regulations are met.
  • Some larger employers offer “cafeteria style” employee benefits that allow employees to select supplemental dependent care coverage to partially reimburse costs for in-home care or adult day care. A few companies offer subsidized payments for geriatric care managers.
  • Sometimes larger businesses organize in-house caregiver support groups, informational “brown-bag” lunch sessions, or offer access to outside support groups.
  • Some employers arrange group purchase of long-term care insurance for employees, spouses and dependents.
  • Using Technology

    The Internet provides a wealth of medical and caregiving information available 24 hours a day on your computer, tablet or cell phone. Digital technology is also useful for ordering prescriptions, communicating with health care professionals, staying in contact with friends and family, scheduling home care, learning new skills through webinars, tracking movement, and even visually checking on loved ones during the day or providing surveillance of your parent’s home when you can’t be there.

    Handling Your Stress

    Negotiating time off work, coping with tension-filled family dynamics and managing your own fears and concerns about your parent’s well-being all contribute to increased stress and potential burn-out.

    It’s not selfish to say you need to care for you. Utilize local services. Say yes to offers of help. Join a support group if you want to talk about your situation with others — there are even groups online. If feasible, talk to your employer about making adjustments in your work hours. Do what you can to stay healthy: eat well, try to get some exercise (walking is a great stress-reliever!). Get some sleep if you can. Seek respite (substitute care) so you get a break from caregiving demands. Try to be flexible, accept that you may have to let go of some duties, and remember there will good days and bad days.

    Family-friendly workplace policies coupled with your own proactive strategies for providing care can go a long way towards making your caregiving journey more doable and less stressful.

    More Information & Resources

    Eldercare Locator
    Information on services for older adults and their families.
    (800) 677-1116

    (800) MEDICARE or (800) 633-4227

    National Academy of Elder Law Attorneys
    Provides information on how to choose an elder law attorney and referrals.
    1577 Spring Hill Road, Suite 220
    Vienna, VA 22182
    (703) 942-5711

    National Association of Professional Geriatric Care Managers
    3275 West Ina Road, Suite 130
    Tucson, AZ 85741
    (520) 881-8008

    Families and Work Institute
    267 Fifth Avenue, 2nd Floor
    New York, NY 10016
    (212) 465-2044

    National Council on Aging
    Offers BenefitsCheckUp.

    For employers:
    Best Practices in Workplace Eldercare
    National Alliance for Caregiving and ReACT (Respect a Caregiver’s Time). March 2012.

    Long-Term Care Options Explored on PBS NewsHour:

    More Helpful Publications from Family Caregiver Alliance:

    About Family Caregiver Alliance

    National Center on Caregiving
    785 Market Street, Suite 750
    San Francisco, CA 94103
    (415) 434-3388
    (800) 445-8106

    Family Caregiver Alliance (FCA) offers an extensive online library of free educational materials for caregivers. The publications, webinars and videos offer families the kind of straightforward, practical help they need as they care for relatives with chronic or disabling health conditions.

    Family Care Navigator is FCA’s online directory of resources for caregivers in all 50 states. It includes information on government health and disability programs, legal resources, disease-specific organizations and more.

    Kathleen Kelly is the executive director of Family Caregiver Alliance and the National Center on Caregiving, based in San Francisco, Calif.

    The post How to balance your career with the needs of an aging family member appeared first on PBS NewsHour.