General Reference Texts
Cameron, Robert, Alcatraz, a Visual Essay, San Francisco: Cameron, 1974.
Martini, John A., Fortress Alcatraz: Guardian of the Golden Gate, San Francisco: Pacific Monograph, 1991.
Odier, Pierre, The Rock: The History of Alcatraz, Eagle Rock: L'Image Ordier, 1982.
General Image Sources
The Photo Collection of Golden Gate National Recreation Area, National Park Service
San Francisco History Center, San Francisco Public Library
Bay Area Television Archive, San Francisco State University
Non-archival photos by: Carol Cicerone, Wendy Goodfriend and Mark Taylor
Sound recording: Rich Dean
1. "Traitors of the Chapman"
"A Rebel Privateer Captured Out in This Port," Daily Alta California, March 16, 1863.
"More of the Piratical Craft," Daily Alta California, March 17, 1863.
"Secessionists Plot to Take Mare Island," Daily Alta California, March 28, 1863.
"Chapman Taken by Secessionists," Daily Alta California, April 6, 1863.
"Arraignment of the Pirates of the 'Chapman'," Daily Alta California, September 8, 1863.
"The Traitors of the 'Chapman'," Daily Alta California, September 9, 1863.
"Eighth Day of Treason Case - Verdict of Guilty in Four Minutes," Daily Alta California, October 12, 1863.
Dickson, Samuel, San Francisco Kaleidoscope, Stanford University Press, Stanford, 1949
Kemble, John Haskell, San Francisco Bay, a Pictorial Maritime History, Cornell Maritime Press, Cambridge, 1957
Pickelhaupt, Bill, Shanghaied in San Francisco, Flyblister Press, San Francisco, 1996.
2. "The Bird Man of Alcatraz: Myth vs. Man"
Babyak, Jolen, Bird Man: The Many Faces of Robert Stroud, Berkeley: Ariel Vamp Press, 1994.
Gaddis, Thomas E., Birdman of Alcatraz : the Story of Robert Stroud, Mattituck, N.Y. : Aeonian Press, 1962.
Stroud, Robert, Stroud's Digest on the Diseases of Birds, Minneapolis, Minn.: L.G. Marcus and R. Stroud, 1943.
The Birdman of Alcatraz (MGM film), Norma Productions: Producers, Stuart Miller, Guy Trosper; Executive Producer, Harold Hecht; Director, John Frankenheimer; Screenwriter, Guy Trosper, 1962.
3. "The Leap of Faith," "We Hold the Rock" and "47 Cents an Acre"
Jon Plutte, Troy R. Johnson, and Adam Fortunate Eagle
Eagle, Adam Fortunate. Alcatraz! Alcatraz!: the Indian occupation of 1969-1971, Berkeley : Heyday Books, 1992.
Johnson, Troy and Fixico, Donald, The Occupation of Alcatraz Island: Indian Self-Determination and the Rise of Indian Activism, Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1996.
Smith, Paul Chaat & Warrior, Robert Allen, Like a Hurricane: The Indian Movement from Alcatraz to Wounded Knee, New York: The New Press, 1996.
Fortie, James, Director, Alcatraz Is Not an Island: the American Indian Occupation of Alcatraz Island 1969-1971, Diamond Island Productions: Producer, Jon Plutte; Co-producer by Millie K; Historian, Troy R. Johnson, 1999.
Johnson, Troy R., You Are on Indian Land, Alcatraz Island, 1969-1971, Los Angeles, The Regents of the University of California, 1995.
American Indian Occupation of Alcatraz collection at SF Public Library
Alcatraz Indian Occupation Records, San Francisco History Center, San Francisco Public Library
Thanksgiving celebration photo courtesy Craig Weber
Bay Area Television Archive, San Francisco State University, KQED Collection
Patrick Bowsher, Film Arts Foundation
4. "Some Words About the Wardens"
Babyak, Jolene, Eyewitness on Alcatraz : Life on the Rock As Told by the Guards, Families and Prisoners, Berkeley: Ariel Vamp Press, 1988.
Hurley, Donald J., Alcatraz Island Memories, Sonoma, CA : D.J. Hurley, 1987.
Quillen, Jim, Alcatraz from Inside: The Hard Years 1942-1952, San Francisco: GGNPA, 1992.
Alcatraz remembered Chip Taylor Communications: Written, produced and directed by Richmond, Mark J., 1986.
5. "Made at Alcatraz"
Dollison, A.M., "Federal Prison Industries, Inc," The Foghorn, San Francisco, 1959.
6. "How Strong is the Rock?"
Thompson, Erwin N., The Rock: A History of Alcatraz Island, 1847-1972, Denver: Denver Service Center, Historic Preservation Division, National Park Service, United States Dept. of the Interior, 1979
7. "Criminal Behavior: a Match Game"
National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) - Pacific Region, San Bruno, CA
Return to Alcatraz: Secrets of the Rock, A La Carte Communications, 1994.
Alcatraz: The Final Sentence, Huckleberry Films, 1988.
8. "Which Plants are Native to Alcatraz?"
Doris Brown, Interpretive Guide; Lori Brosnan, Park Ranger; Michael Boland and Greg Lowery, Vintage Gardens
Eadward Muybridge, Victorian Gardens on Alcatraz, 1897.
Hart, John, Beatty, Russell A., & Boland, Michael, Gardens of Alcatraz, San Francisco: Golden Gate National Parks Association, 1996.
10. "Could You Swim from Alcatraz to San Francisco?"
Thomas J. Nuckton, M.D., University of California, San Francisco
Danzl, D.F and Pozos, R.S., "Accidental Hypothermia," New England Journal of Medicine, 1994, pp 331:1756-1760.
Hayward, J.S., "The Physiology of Immersion Hypothermia, in Pozos RS, Wittmers LE (eds): The Nature and Treatment of Hypothermia," Continuing Medical Education, Volume 2, Minneapolis, MS: University of Minnesota Press, 1983, pp 3-19.
Nuckton, T.J., Claman, D.M., Goldreich, D., Wendt, F.C., Nuckton, J.G., "Hypothermia and Afterdrop Following Open Water Swimming: the Alcatraz/San Francisco Swim Study," American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2000, pp 18:703-707.
Steinman, A.M. and Giesbrecht, G.G., "Immersion into Cold Water in: Auerbach PS
(ed): Wilderness Medicine," Management of Wilderness and Environmental
Emergencies (4th Edition). St. Louis, Mosby, 2001, pp 197-225.
Tipton, M., Eglin, C., Gennser, M. and Golden, F., "Immersion Deaths and Deterioration in Swimming Performance in Cold Water," Lancet, 1999, pp 354: 626-629.
Official National Park Service site: www.nps.gov/alcatraz/
Alcatraz Is Not an Island site: www.pbs.org/itvs/alcatrazisnotanisland
In depth Prison/Inmate Info: www.alcatrazhistory.com/mainpg.htm
Bureau of Prisons Web site: www.bop.gov/
Troy Johnson's American Indian site www.csulb.edu/~gcampus/libarts/am-indian/alcatraz/
National Museum of the American Indian: www.nmai.si.edu/
American Indian Movement Web site: www.aimovement.org/
Outdoor Action Guide for Prevention & Treatment of Hypothermia: www.princeton.edu/~oa/safety/hypocold.shtml
Lifesaving Skills to prevent getting Hypothermia: www.hypothermia.org/inwater.htm
Near Real-Time map of currents in SF Bay: sfports.wr.usgs.gov/SFPORTS/vec_map/centbay.html
Teenage Girls Swim From San Francisco to Alcatraz: www.sfgenealogy.com
"Escape from Alcatraz" annual triathlon site: www.dolphinclub.org/3_escape.html
The Encyclopedia of Civil War Artillery: www.cwartillery.org/ve/seahow.html
More information on Fort Alcatraz : www.militarymuseum.org/Alcatraz.html
More information on Lime Point: www.militarymuseum.org/FtBaker.html
More information about the "Manifest Destiny" doctrine: www.pbs.org/kera/usmexicanwar/dialogues/prelude/manifest/manifestdestiny.html
Charles Fremont & the Bear Flag Revolt: www.sfmuseum.org/hist6/fremont.html
Ranger John Cantwell
Ranger Nick Lavrov, Special Uses
Kim Sulik, Golden Gate National Recreation Area
Helene Whitson, curator Bay Area Television Collection, San Francisco State University
Anne Marie Hawkins