Global 3000 Previous Broadcasts

Modern Slavery In Singapore (Episode #517)

KQED World: Sat, Apr 27, 2013 -- 7:30 AM

Many domestic servants in Singapore suffer abuse and humiliation at the hands of their wealthy employers. They arrive full of dreams for a better future, but often the reality is a nightmare. We also take a look at how safer sex might help save the Amazon rainforest, where a government-supported condom factory uses only locally-produced and sustainable latex during production. The details:
MODERN SLAVERY IN SINGAPORE - Many domestic workers in Singapore suffer exploitation, abuse and even rape at the hands of their wealthy employers. Most of the women arrive here via agencies that recruit in the slums of Indonesia and the Philippines. They hope to earn enough money to help support their families back at home. But once they arrive in Singapore, they are at the mercy of their employers. Often, their passports are taken away from them. There are more than 200,000 such domestic servants in Singapore, and for many of them their workplace is little more than a prison. They're expected to be available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, and never get a day off, let alone a holiday.
CONDOMS FROM THE RAINFOREST - Around 40 percent of condoms worldwide are made of latex extracted from rubber trees. Now some of them are being produced on-site in the Brazilian Amazon. The government-backed latex factory in the state of Acre uses only local latex. The project helps preserve the Amazon by using sustainable materials and methods, and the work provides an income for the rubber tappers. The condoms are distributed free of charge as part of a national campaign against sexually-transmitted diseases. < br />SOUTH AFRICA: THE REA VAYA EXPRESS BUS SYSTEM - Traffic congestion is a perennial problem in Johannesburg. One solution could be Rea Vaya, the first public bus rapid transit system, the first of its kind in Africa. The Rea Vaya buses are replacing thousands of taxis and minibuses that clog the roads, and it's hoped that one day they'll lower carbon emissions by 40,000 tons a year. The buses use separate bus lanes and during peak hours they run every five minutes. One bus can replace more than 40 cars or 6 minibus taxis. Ticket prices are affordable, too, and the service is very popular.

E-Readers Arrive in the 3rd World (Episode #516)

KQED World: Sat, Apr 20, 2013 -- 7:30 AM

A holiday on a cruise ship is all about sun, sea and fun. But luxury liners wreak environmental havoc, generating vast amounts of trash that largely ends up in the ocean. A growing number of environmental groups are campaigning against the sector, which is slowly starting to improve its record. In a further report, we head to Ghana to meet a man who builds high-tech bikes made from bamboo. The details:
GHANA - BAMBOO BIKES - Locally manufactured bikes are rare in Accra, Ghana's capital. But for several years, Ibrahim Djan Nyampong has been making bikes made of bamboo. Two years ago, he partnered with an Austrian company. These days, his high-end models retail for as much 2000 euros in Europe.
POLLUTING THE OCEANS - CRUISE SHIPS' ENVIRONMENTAL FOOTPRINT - The cruise ship industry comes in for heavy criticism for its poor environmental record. Environmental groups accuse the sector of polluting the seas, with luxury liners disposing of their waste in the ocean and emitting huge amounts of CO2. According to the World Wide Fund for Nature, cruise ships' wastewater disposal practices are creating marine dead zones. But passenger numbers are climbing - last year, 20 million holidaymakers booked a cruise.
NATURE UNDER THREAT - PROTECTING THE PRESPA NATIONAL PARK - The Prespa region shared between Greece, Albania, and the Republic of Macedonia is home to a unique natural heritage. But the environment is increasingly under threat from deforestation, overgrazing and overfishing. Poverty is widespread, especially on the Albanian side. The German KfW Development Bank cooperated with local organizations in Albania, Macedonia and Greece to fund social projects aimed at curbing overexploitation on Prespa's natural resources.

China's Toxic Fog (Episode #515)

KQED World: Sat, Apr 13, 2013 -- 7:30 AM

People in China are growing increasingly dissatisfied. They're unhappy about corruption, abuse of power and land seizures. But pollution is an especially hot-button issue, driving many people to take to the streets in protest. The details:
DYING FORESTS: THE HIGH COST OF PARAGUAY'S ECONOMIC UPSWING - Alberto Yanosky is the head of the NGO Guyra Paraguay. Since 1997, the environmental organization has led the struggle to protect the country's natural habitats and their inhabitants. Yanosky is trying to prevent the deforestation of the rain forest in Paraguay. The environmentalist estimates that some 1,000 hectares of forest are cut down each day to make way for cattle ranches and soybean fields. Yanosky tries to step in when land deals are being made in order to save at least some of the trees.
CLEARING THE AIR: CHINA'S TOXIC FOG - Smog affects thirteen percent of China, an area four times the size of Germany. The air pollution is caused by the growing number of cars on the roads as well as the country's extensive use of coal. The world's second-largest economy uses nearly as much coal as the rest of the world combined. Seven of the ten cities with the worst air pollution are in China. Now the country's population is starting to protest and to call for radical measures to reduce pollutants. Suddenly, environmental protection has become an important topic in China.
A NATION AWAKES: INDIA'S "RED BRIGADES" COMBAT VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN - For woman in many parts of India, the threat of sexual assaults and violence have made them afraid to be in public alone. In Lucknow, the capital of the northern state of Uttar Pradesh, women are fighting for their rights and safety. Some 24,000 rapes were reported in India in 2011, but activists believe the real number is much higher. India's politicians are slow to respond, despite promises of new legislation ensuring women's rights. Across the country, increasing numbers of groups are protesting against the mistreatment of women and girls by men - and by the Indian government.

Plastic Bottles Go Sola (Episode #514)

KQED World: Sat, Apr 6, 2013 -- 7:30 AM

What is happiness? That's a question philosophers have spent centuries trying to answer. On March 20th, the United Nations will celebrate the first ever International Day of Happiness. That got us thinking here at Global 3000, and we set out on our own quest to find the secret behind true happiness. The details:
SCHOMBERG: WELCOME TO HAPPINESS TOWN, GERMANY - Germany boasts the strongest economy in Europe, and Germans have seen their individual material wealth increase over the past decade. But a recent study by the Cologne Institute for Economic Research shows that satisfaction hasn't risen along with wages and wealth. That's where the town of Schomberg comes in.
JAPAN: LUCKY CHARMS - Cuteness, or 'kawaii' as it's known in Japanese, is a major aspect of popular culture in Japan. From toys to food and clothing, cute products are part of everyday life. Living mascots are a common sight on the streets of Tokyo, where people dressed as toys or cute cartoons are used to advertise tourist attractions, restaurants and more. Kohei Sato, for example, works for the city administration, but his job is to dress up as a fuzzy pink rabbit, every day.
PHILIPPINES: PLASTIC BOTTLES GO SOLAR - In the Philippines' urban slums, families are unable to afford electricity and often have no access to the grid anyway. But Filipino actor Illac Diaz is looking to change that. With his organization My Shelter Foundation, he's come up with an innovative idea: turning empty plastic bottles into lamps. The bottles are filled with water and a dash of bleach before they're built into the roofs of slum huts. The organization has already installed around 300,000 of these makeshift lamps across the Philippines.

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