Global 3000 Previous Broadcasts

South Africa - Not Quite Yet A Rainbow Nation (Episode #513)

KQED World: Sat, Mar 30, 2013 -- 7:30 AM

Brazil's brick-making industry goes green: instead of cutting down trees in local forests to fire its brick kiln, one factory uses biomass for the energy it needs. We also take a look at South Africa, where an interracial couple has to battle prejudice - more than twenty years after the end of apartheid. Does skin color still decide people's fates? The details:
SOUTH AFRICA: THE DREAM OF A RAINBOW NATION - Under apartheid, interracial marriages were forbidden and contact between whites and blacks was prosecuted by the state. Thousands of people were found guilty of violating the Immorality Act, which could result in a long prison sentence. The provision of the act prohibiting interracial marriages wasn't repealed until 1985. Its effects are still felt today: interracial relationships are still the exception to the rule. Nelson Mandela's call for a Rainbow Nation has not been realized for many people here. Pippa Tshabalala and her husband Sekwa have been together since their school days. Although they have good jobs, they still have to fight prejudice across society.
BRAZIL AND THE ENVIRONMENT - BIOMASS IN CAPELA - In the northeastern part of Brazil, Capela is a center of the energy-intensive brick making industry. Until recently factories fueled their kilns by cutting down trees from the Caatinga-- a virgin forest that covers much of the region. But some have recently made the switch to biomass. New fuels range from wood chips that are byproducts of the furniture industry to bamboo and eucalyptus trees that are sourced from sustainable plantations. The factories also re-use the heat generated by their kilns to dry their bricks - and use ash as compost. That makes production significantly more climate-friendly than conventional methods. Some are also investing in social projects, including literacy programs and environmental education for children.
SOCIAL ENTREPRENEUR: CHRISTOPHE CHEVALIER - Romans-sur-Isere is a town in the French Alps that has been a traditional center for shoemaking. But most of the big shoemakers have left; well-known brands have moved their production to China or Turkey. But entrepreneur Christophe Chevalier is fighting the trend.

A Catholic Clash over Contraceptives in the Philippines (Episode #512)

KQED World: Sat, Mar 23, 2013 -- 7:30 AM

SINGIN' IT LOUD: THE BURMESE GIRL BAND THAT'S BREAKING WITH TRADITION - After decades of military rule, Burma has witnessed dramatic social change in the last 2 years, including a relaxing of strict censorship rules. What do these new developments mean for the younger generation? Global 3000 meets the Me N Ma Girls, a popular girl band. These 5 young women are role models for young girls. Their brand of politically charged pop is challenging conventions and breaking with tradition.
FEELING THE BEAT: FINNISH RAPPER SIGNMARK - Signmark, alias Marko Vuoriheimo, from Finland is a rapper - and he's deaf. His message to deaf people is that they need to stand up for their rights! He's never seen his deafness as a hindrance in his career and says that he and his band are a well-practiced team. If the rest of the world knew sign language, he says, he wouldn't need an interpreter. So is he disabled or just a linguistic minority?
SOLAR SISTER: SOLAR POWER IS EMPOWERING UGANDAN WOMEN - 95% of the population in Uganda has no electric power in their homes and relies on paraffin lamps for lighting. But not only is kerosene expensive, it's also a serious pollutant. Set up in 2010, the project Solar Sister has now provided almost 32,000 Ugandans with solar technology - and trained women as saleswomen. They're earning a living, helping their community and protecting the environment. In the course of 10 years, a solar lamp saves over 600 liters of kerosene and that means CO2 savings of 1.5 tons. Solar Sister hopes to have helped save 10 million tons of CO2 over the next 10 years.
THE PHILIPPINES: IS CONTRACEPTION A SIN? - The state of the Philippines is strictly Catholic, and most people believe that it's their duty to have children. But a new bill is designed to reduce the country's high birthrate, with free condoms and improved reproductive health education. But bishops are calling the bill's supporters 'terrorists'. The soaring birthrate is taking its toll on social services and public infrastructure, let alone the job market. But even so, the new bill is deeply divisive.

China's Great Challenge: An Aging Population (Episode #511)

KQED World: Sat, Mar 16, 2013 -- 7:30 AM

Busses in the fast lane: Bogota, Colombia is counting on its TransMilenio express bus network to relieve the city's gridlocks and smog. In addition, we visit some of the few homes for the elderly in China. The People's Republic is scarcely prepared for the demographic change that is only just starting. The details:
DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE IN CHINA - China is aging rapidly. By 2050 at least a quarter of all Chinese will have reached retirement age. Old age and nursing homes are already in short supply. The health and welfare system is inadequate. Only the urban middle class can afford to hope for a dignified old age. According to Chinese tradition, children should care for their aging parents at home. But more and more seniors find they can't afford to retire. For China's farmers, there are neither nursing homes nor pensions.
CLIMATE: COLOMBIA - GREEN TRANSPORT - The TransMilenio express bus network in Bogota is considered a model for many megacities in developing countries: commuters fill up the free busses, and bus lanes and bicycle paths take the place of car-filled streets. They're almost as effective as an underground railway system, but cost only a fraction to operate. CO2 emissions from passenger and goods traffic are rising steeply in developing countries. Colombia is trying out various projects to curb that growth.
TIGERS LIVE DANGEROUSLY - HOW TRADITIONAL MEDICINE IS WIPING THE ANIMALS OUT - There are currently fewer than 4000 tigers living the wild. Above all, the erroneous belief among many Asians in the miraculous healing powers of tiger products is driving demand for them. In ten years the species could be extinct in the wild, with tigers surviving only in zoos. Russia and China have at least agreed to establish a protected zone on the border they share, but the fight against illegal poachers seems hopeless.

A Kenyan Dancer Overcomes Polio (Episode #510)

KQED World: Sat, Mar 9, 2013 -- 7:30 AM

New Zealand - Controversial cow - It's a huge success for genetic engineering: cow's milk without beta-lactoglobulin (BLG), a whey protein that triggers allergies in many small children. The milk comes from Daisy, a black and white cow with a completely new genetic makeup. A German, Dr. Gotz Laible, played a significant role in her creation. Unlike many other countries, New Zealand gives massive state support to genetic research on large animals. The project has come in for strong criticism from the country's dairy farmers. The Daisy research project has so far cost the government the equivalent of 30 million euros in funding. Biomass instead of Coal - The Thai cement industry cuts CO2 emissions - Cement production is especially energy intensive and emits enormous amounts of CO2. That's why the Siam Cement Group, one of Thailand's largest producers, is no longer using only coal. It's now co-firing biomass - organic agricultural waste, for instance - in the manufacturing process. Trade in carbon certificates provides an additional financial incentive. Global Living Rooms: Lincoln, USA - This week we visit Laurie in her house in Lincoln, Nebraska. It's in the old town center, and its owner is very proud of that fact. Laurie enjoys playing the guitar to her soulmate, Jeff the cat. She says she's not very good, but she enjoys it anyway. Overcoming Gravity - Kenyan dancer Stephen Odongo - When Stephen Odongo was four years old, he contracted poliomyelitis. His mother believed it was caused by black magic and rejected him. His childhood was marked by humiliation and pain. As an adult, Stephen was discovered by a German choreographer who suffered from a form of muscular dystrophy herself and was looking for performers for an international arts project. Since then the troupe she formed has been performing all over Kenya .Their pieces are a plea for more humanity and tolerance.

A Dirty Business - Drugs In South African Townships (Episode #509)

KQED World: Sat, Mar 2, 2013 -- 7:30 AM

The Dominican Republic aims to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 25 percent by 2030 - an ambitious goal that has made the country one of the global leaders in the effort to combat climate change. To help achieve that emissions target, funding is now flowing to a number of projects, among them an initiative that encourages farmers to manage their land sustainably. The details:
A DIRTY BUSINESS: DRUGS IN SOUTH AFRICAN TOWNSHIPS - Illegal drug use is a serious problem in South Africa. According to the UN's 2012 World Drug Report, South Africa is the most important producer of crystal meth in the region. After marijuana, crystal meth is the most popular illegal drug in the country. Over the past decade, the rising rate of addiction to crystal meth has become one of the country's biggest economic and social problems.
YOUNG GLOBAL LEADER - PRESERVING THE AMAZON RAINFOREST IN BRAZIL - Denis B. Minev lives in Manaus, a city in the Amazon rainforest of Brazil. He wants to help maintain the country's economic boom while preserving the tropical rainforest. The former State Secretary for Planning and Economic Development of Amazonas, today Minev is a member of the board of the Amazonas Sustainable Foundation.
BURMA: PRESERVING AN ARCHITECTURAL LEGACY - Myanmar, or Burma, has begun opening itself to the world. The country's largest city, Rangoon, is a booming center of business and industry. Apartment buildings, shopping centers, and office complexes are cropping up across the city. The transformation is threatening Rangoon's colonial architectural legacy and is causing land prices and rents to reach levels that most local residents can no longer afford.
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: A COUNTRY TAKES AIM AT CLIMATE CHANGE - The Dominican Republic aims to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 25% by 2030 - an ambitious goal that has made the country one of the global leaders in the effort to combat climate change. Implementing that goal while promoting economic growth and encouraging tourism as an important economic resource poses a challenge. That's why funding is now flowing to a number of climate-protection projects, among them an initiative that encourages farmers to manage their land sustainably.

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