Global 3000 Previous Broadcasts

Facing An Environmental Dilemma In Argentina (Episode #433)

KQED World: Sat, Aug 25, 2012 -- 6:00 AM

PATAGONIA: ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION VERSUS CLEAN ENERGY - American conservationist Kristine Tompkins and her husband Douglas have bought 263,000 hectares of land from Argentinian farmers in order to create a national park. But Chile's energy sector wants to produce hydroelectricity on the same land. A consortium plans to build five dams and flood large areas of land to produce hydroelectric power. Kris and Doug Tompkins are battling against Chilean politicians and ranchers. In the past 20 years, the couple has created a total of 11 nature preserves in South America for about 250 million dollars. Selfless commitment or checkbook tourism?
IN THE NETS OF THE BUCCANEERS: TRAWLERS OFF AFRICA'S COASTS - For centuries, fishermen on the coasts of west Africa have been putting out to sea in their small boats. But now the ocean doesn't provide enough for them to feed their families, because it's being overfished by high-tech European fishing fleets. For the million and a half small-scale fishermen living on the coast of west Africa there is precious little left. The European Union has bought up the Mauritanian government's fishing rights for just under 140 million euros a year. Vessels from Europe - subsidized by the EU - are seriously depleting fish stocks in the waters off Africa.
CLIMATE: GREYWATER RECYCLING IN JORDAN - High water consumption where water is extremely scarce - Jordan's tourism industry is in a quandary. It's hoped a new facility for recycling greywater will help. In the Dead Sea Spa Hotel, water filters were recently installed, and since then a third of the valuable drinking water can be recycled as water for washing and flushing toilets. Projects like this are extremely important, because tourism is growing and water shortages loom. According to predictions, Jordanians themselves and tourists visiting the country will use about 513 million cubic meters of water in the year 2020. Added to that are the needs of the refugees flooding in from neighboring Syria.
THE GLOBAL 3000 QUESTIONNAIRE: TONG MUSHENG, FARMER FROM CHINA - 62-year-old Tong Musheng comes from Hebei Province in northern China. She's a farmer and a representative in the National People's Congress. The most important things to her are her grandchildren's education and her plot of land. Her greatest dream is to see the ocean someday She says she still doesn't know what globalization means to her.

The End of An Indigenous Tribe In Brazil (Episode #432)

KQED World: Sat, Aug 18, 2012 -- 6:00 AM

SHADE TREES AND MANGROVES - Climate change in the South Pacific: The Pacific island nation Vanuatu is running out of time. The indigenous inhabitants are already suffering from floods, cyclones, coastal erosion and water shortages. And climate researchers say the extreme weather will increase and sea levels will continue to rise. Most members of the indigenous population depend on natural resources from farming, forestry and fishing. Now climate change is endangering the livelihoods of the islands' inhabitants. Since 2009, Germany has been funding educational measures for politicians and journalists, and has kick-started several projects for the local rural population. On the main island, Efate, for example, new more robust vegetable varieties are being cultivated, as well as shade trees with nitrogen-fixing properties.
HUNTED HUNTERS - The Awa indigenous people in the Brazilian rainforest: The Awa have adapted perfectly to life in the forest. But to survive there, they need a large area of intact rainforest. They're always on the move, depending on what fruit is in season and the movements of their prey. A protected area is supposed to protect their traditional way of life. But in reality the remote forests in northern Brazil are beyond the law. Settlers, loggers and pistoleros are pushing ever deeper into Awa territory, destroying the forest and killing the last members of this hunting and gathering people.
AFRICA ON THE MOVE - Nigeria's modern medicine men: Fatunde Ojo is a traditional healer who lives in Kuruduma, a small suburb of Nigeria's capital Abuja. To find the ingredients for his medicine, he now has to travel long distances. Abuja is growing and the forests have to make way for it. More and more people come here to find work. Fatunde Ojo has to keep up with the times as well. The traditional healers now try to package their remedies professionally, to serve new markets. Fatunde Ono knows his business will suffer if he sticks to old methods. Competition is fierce among the healers. To stay in business, he distributes flyers advertizing his medicine throughout the city.
ROTTING GRAIN - Scandal in India: Since the financial crisis at the latest, India has been considered a model market economy. The government in Delhi expects 9% growth in 2012. But that doesn't mean fewer people are suffering from hunger and malnutrition. At the same time millions of tons of rice and grain are rotting in the open air. In Punjab alone, a region in the north of the country, more than 100,000 sacks are stored. The grain is rotting and no longer fit for human consumption. The stench is unbearable and vermin are spreading. The fermenting goods are given to wine growers to distil spirits and to livestock breeders as fodder. In the meantime, food prices rose by 60% last year.

Sustainable Farming In Europe (Episode #431)

KQED World: Sat, Aug 11, 2012 -- 6:00 AM

NICARAGUA - SAVING LAKE MANAGUA: For decades unfiltered sewage was allowed to flow into Lake Managua, causing serious pollution. Now a new sewage plant is filtering the water and dried sludge is being used instead of artificial fertilizers. That saves money and is good for the climate.
SOCIAL ENTREPRENEUR CHRISTIAN HISS: SUSTAINABLE FARMING IN GERMANY: Christian Hiss wants to save farms facing bankruptcy in Germany and create sustainable farming that is also economically viable. He founded a company in the Freiburg region in 2006. The aim is to enable financing for regional, environmentally friendly and sustainable farming.
KENYA - THE GREED FOR IVORY: Elephant tusks are in huge demand on the black market. The price for ivory has doubled in the past two and a half years. Poachers are making big money and that encourages them to take risks. The Save the Elephants organization in Kenya's Samburu National Park protects the animals. Outside the reserve they are often hunted by poachers. Now park rangers are recruiting workers from surrounding villages who know how the poachers operate and are an effective way of putting a stop to their illegal activities.

Cuba Tries Rebuilding A Slum to Attract Tourists (Episode #430)

KQED World: Sat, Aug 4, 2012 -- 6:00 AM

AFRICA ON THE MOVE: OYSTER FARMING IN SENEGAL - Many people in Senegal depend on agriculture and aquaculture to make a living - with most of those involved working illegally. The country's economy has suffered from both chronic mismanagement and the effects of extreme weather - meaning hunger is a major concern for the population. People living along the Casamance River depend on rice production and logging for their livelihood. Now, one initiative is looking to help women earn a living via oyster farming - and protect the mangrove forest. With the help of a small loan, the project's leader Seynabou Diatta is pursuing an environmentally friendly way to harvest oysters.
BANGLADESH: ADAPTING TO CLIMATE CHANGE - Bangladesh is one of the poorest countries in the world - and people here are among those suffering the most from the effects of climate change. Large swathes of land have been ruined through excessive shrimp farming - leaving too much salt in the soil. Women have been hardest hit by the problem. Sharmind Neelormi and Ahsan Achmed from the Centre for Global Change (CGC) help support a series of village committees in southeastern Bangladesh. The salty soil here is barely arable during the dry season. CGC is supporting efforts to promote sustainable crab farming and to plant salt-resistant varieties of rice. Through these projects, women are helping raise environmental consciousness in a patriarchal society.
CUBA: A NEW FACE FOR OLD HOMES - Since assuming power, Fidel Castro's younger brother, Raul, has gradually started implementing liberal economic reforms. One reason is the 2.5 million tourists Cuba attracts each year. That's underscored the need to give crumbling building facades in the Cuban capital Havana a facelift. Havanna's historic center with its colonial-era buildings has significant architectural appeal. The city's charm is a major money-maker - and among the political changes being made is the liberalization of the real estate market. As of November, real estate can be bought and sold in Cuba, for the first time since the revolution. Global 3000 takes a look at the dilapidated state of most buildings in the capital - and the efforts being made to renovate them and create new places to live.

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