European Journal Previous Broadcasts

Dreaming of Kurdistan (Episode #3229)

KQED World: Sun, Jul 20, 2014 -- 5:30 AM

Turkey: Dreaming of Kurdistan - The civil war in Iraq is creating new opportunities for Kurds in the north of the country. They are becoming an example for many of their fellow Kurds over the border in Turkey. Many Kurds in Turkey are looking forward with hope and concern at events in Iraq. As the militant group ISIS continues its push to take Baghdad, the Kurds in autonomous regions are consolidating more and more power. For some time now, there's been talk of an independent Kurdish state that would extend beyond the borders of Iraq. Romania: Rivers Run Dry - Hydroelectric power is booming in Romania. Government subsidies are drawing more and more investment into the sector. Conservationists, however, argue that while hydropower does not produce greenhouse gases, too many dams could cause entire rivers to dry up in the summer. They point to the southern Carpathian Mountains, where about 500 hydroelectric power plants - some still being built - are located. The wild rapids at these sites are particularly lucrative for investors. At the same time, many of the projects are also located in conservation areas, and the damage to habitats is severe. Residents of the region are fighting to keep the remaining streams and rivers in Romania untouched. Series "Secret Heroes's Part 2 - The Baltic: The Baltic Way - The Baltic countries experienced an unforgettable day 25 years ago. People there formed a human chain 600 kilometers long, the longest in history. More than a million Estonians, Latvians and Lithuanians took part. The message of their effort was unmistakable - they wanted to follow their own route to freedom and no longer be part of the Soviet Union. The three countries had only their staunch commitment and thousands of walkie-talkies to pursue their goal. Back then, radio was the only way to announce and coordinate such an event. Cell phones and the internet had yet to become widely available. Documents relating to this unparalleled civil protest have been made part of the UNESCO Memory of the World Register. Britain: An Atheist "Church" - Early in 2013, a new religious movement called "The Sunday Assembly" established itself in the British capital. Since then, membership of the church that prays to no God has grown in number - and not just in London. The Sunday Assembly says its aim is to give people a feeling of community and spirituality in large, anonymous cities. The services are much like those in conventional churches - there's a choir, and contemplation, just as there would be at a mass. They even do a collection. Only God is missing. Forty congregations have already been founded in Britain, including in Brighton in southern England. Meanwhile, the established Anglican church is losing members by the score.

Repeat Broadcasts:

  • KQED World: Tue, Jul 22, 2014 -- 10:30 AM
  • KQED World: Tue, Jul 22, 2014 -- 4:30 AM

Millions of Wasted Funds Down The Drain In Eu Projects (Episode #3228)

KQED World: Sun, Jul 13, 2014 -- 5:30 AM

Series Launch: Secret Heroes - Part 1: Hungary: A Loophole to Freedom - The beginning of the end of the Soviet Bloc came 25 years ago in Hungary. One million East Germans had arrived there and put pressure on the already crumbling Iron Curtain. In the summer of 1989, the first group of East German citizens managed to flee en masse to the West - with the knowledge of the Hungarian government. Even though the borders were still patrolled, hundreds of them passed through to the Austrian side. Hungarian Arpad Bella was a commander at a small border crossing that was reopened after decades of being closed. Bella was completely on his own, since his superiors had failed to inform him. And he reacted with a great deal of sound judgment and humaneness. No shots were fired, and the East Germans entered the West unharmed. Britain: Operation "Trojan Horse" - For months, debate has raged in Birmingham over the role of Islam in the city's schools. An anonymous warning about Muslim fundamentalists has authorities alarmed. The allegations are serious: there are indications of an organized campaign to covertly co-opt schools in England. An inquiry discovered that at several schools in Birmingham, girls and boys were segregated. At some schools, Arabic is a required subject, and Christian holidays are no longer observed. School trips are organized to Mecca and Medina. The conservative education minister, Michael Gove, has announced that with the coming school year, all state schools are required to teach "British values." The schools under investigation have rejected the accusations. Poland: Test Tube Babies - Many Polish couples with fertility problems are fulfilling their wish for children by using artificial fertilization techniques. One Warsaw woman is expected her second child using this method. The surprising thing is that, while the entire family had to collect money to pay for her first artificial insemination, her second test tube baby is being funded by the government. Laws have been relaxed in Poland, a Catholic country where some priests refuse to baptize babies conceived through in vitro fertilization. Still, the method has been used in that country since 1987, and now the state is even helping defray the costs of the expensive reproductive procedure. Italy: Wasted EU Funds - To keep Europe growing together, the European Union is providing billions of euros in the coming seven years. But supervision of the structural projects is difficult. Spain and Italy head the list of countries receiving high European Union subsidies and being suspected of investing those funds in pointless projects. There are also accusations of bribery and undue advantage-taking. The EU budgetary committee has its eye on both countries. Our reporter Cornelia Kolden went to take a closer look in Italy. On the shores of idyllic Lake Trasimeno, she discovered EU investments that have literally been bogged down.

Repeat Broadcasts:

  • KQED World: Tue, Jul 15, 2014 -- 10:30 AM
  • KQED World: Tue, Jul 15, 2014 -- 4:30 AM

Ukraine: City of Lviv Becomes Role Model (Episode #3227)

KQED World: Sun, Jul 6, 2014 -- 5:30 AM

Ukraine: Lviv's Mayor - For many in Ukraine he's much like a pop star. Andriy Sadovyi has been mayor of the city of Lviv since March 2006 and has a burning desire to see his country reunited. Under the 46-year-old's leadership, the city of Lviv has become a role model for all of Ukraine. The electrical engineer has built up the infrastructure and lured investors to the city. He says the key to his country's future is to give municipalities more authority. Sadovyi feels the government in Kiev should relinquish central powers in cases where local authorities can deal with issues better. Norway: Debate over a Memorial - Three years after the massacre by right-wing extremist Anders Breivik, Norway is searching for the proper way to commemorate the 77 victims. But survivors and families of victims can't agree. When Breivik created a bloodbath on the island of Utoya, it sent shockwaves across the entire nation. Now an artist wants to memorialize the tragedy by cutting a channel though a neighboring island to symbolize the wound Breivik inflicted on the nation. Critics call the proposal a mutilation of nature and worry that a divided island would become a macabre tourist attraction. Local residents mainly want to lay the past to rest. Romania: The Sewer Dwellers of Bucharest - An estimated 6,000 homeless people live in the network of sewers and tunnels beneath the streets of Bucharest. Many were born underground and are now having children themselves. It's a world of its own, a world full of drugs, disease and poverty that's developed beneath the capital. The sewer dwellers live in the tunnels, canals, and sometimes in caves they've dug themselves, because they have nowhere else to go. Many have tuberculosis, hepatitis or are HIV positive, and live in tightly organized groups. Children in particular sniff paint to escape their misery -- at least for a while. Scotland: A Nation Divided - The countdown is on. There's just two-and-a-half months left until Scots cast their ballots on whether to stay in the UK or become an independent country. Recent polls indicate that around 30 percent of Scots are still undecided about how they'll vote. Brussels has already made it clear that should Scotland choose to become independent it wouldn't automatically qualify to stay in the EU. But other practical issues remain unclear and are dividing the Scottish people.

Repeat Broadcasts:

  • KQED World: Tue, Jul 8, 2014 -- 10:30 AM
  • KQED World: Tue, Jul 8, 2014 -- 4:30 AM

Crimea: Dependent On Deceptive Dreams (Episode #3226)

KQED World: Tue, Jul 1, 2014 -- 4:30 AM

SERBIA: DISPUTED REMEMBRANCE - On June 28, 1914, Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip fired the shot that killed Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne. That assassination led to the outbreak of the First World War. Even today, many in Serbia and Serbian areas of Bosnia still regard Princip as a national hero. With the 100th anniversary of the assassination approaching, several memorials to Princip have been erected in Sarajevo. We pay a visit to Belgrade and the Bosnian capital of Sarajevo to examine the controversy that still surrounds the fateful assassination.
CRIMEA: DECEPTIVE DREAM - In March, Russia annexed the Crimean Peninsula in the Black Sea. Moscow lured Crimeans with big promises and spoke of a better life. But a few months after Russian troops occupied the peninsula, everyday life has returned. Only a few ferries connect the Russian mainland with Crimea, and a planned bridge will take years to build. At the entrances to the ferries, lines of frustrated Russian vacationers and Crimean residents back up for kilometers. Six million tourists visited the Crimea last year; this year, the number will only be a fraction of that. Both the Ukrainians and Western cruise ships are staying away. And the currency shift from hrynvias to rubles is making everything more expensive -- in some cases, by 50%! A report from the annexed peninsula.
GERMANY: MISERY AMONG MIGRANT WORKERS - Many Germans fear that the country's social welfare system could be abused by EU citizens from Romania and Bulgaria. But it's often the migrant workers from those countries who are being exploited. The conservative Bavarian party, the CSU, tried to whip up antagonism towards Eastern Europeans coming to Germany, saying they were only interested in cashing in on welfare benefits. Since the beginning of the year, Bulgarians and Romanians have been allowed to work without restrictions across the EU, including in Germany. If they have residency here, they're entitled to child allowance and, in some cases, basic welfare benefits. But many of them aren't aware of these regulations and are being exploited as day laborers.
SWEDEN: A MUSEUM OF SOUND - What did everyday life used to sound like? Do you remember what a whistling tea kettle sounded like? And what about the noise of a propeller plane? Sounds are part of history and Thorsten Nilsson is fascinated by everything that clangs, grinds, clicks and roars. But each year, more and more old machines and devices become extinct forever. That's why he's set out on a quest to record these endangered industrial sounds and preserve them for posterity.

Repeat Broadcasts:

  • KQED World: Tue, Jul 1, 2014 -- 10:30 AM
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