Global 3000 Previous Broadcasts

Shady Dealings with USA Student Loans (Episode #721)

KQED World: Sat, May 23, 2015 -- 8:00 AM

***Reservoirs for Millions: Colombia's Paramos - They're a world of highland mosses and moors, lagoons and lakes. The Spanish conquistadors also called the paramo the land of clouds. Colombia's archipelago of paramos, areas of tropical high mountain vegetation above the timber line. At an elevation of more than 2500 meters, we're confronted with a magical landscape of shrubs and grasses plants, misty valleys, and crystal clear lakes. The paramos supply the entire country with water. Paramo ecosystems are unique in the world, and they're the source of clean water for Colombia's capital, Bogota. But these ecosystems in the upper Andes are endangered: farmers and herdsmen burn the vegetation to create land for grazing. Biologists from botanical gardens in Bogota and Berlin are cooperating on researching the indigenous mosses, lichens and grasses. Like sponges, they absorb and store water and return it to the river systems. If the plants continue to be burned off, the water supplies of millions of people are at risk. Global Brain: Robohand - Richard van As from South Africa lost several fingers in an accident with a circular saw, so he developed the Robohand. What's new about it is that the individual components can be produced on a 3D printer, making it much more affordable than conventional prosthetic hands. Producing a Robohand costs the equivalent of about 500 euros. Conventional prosthetic hands are priced at about 25,000 euros. To make it possible to produce the Robohand in remote places and crisis zones, Richard van As developed an extremely robust 3D printer, the Robobeast. With open source software and a printer costing about 3500 euros, anyone can now print out van As's prosthetic hands, even "in a moving car." US: Shady Dealings with Student Loans - In the US, tuition fees have more than quadrupled since 1986. College graduates are sitting on a billion dollars in debts. Many fail to find the jobs they need to repay them. The College Board, a non-profit educational organization, calculates that the sum has doubled in the past ten years. It now exceeds Americans' credit card debts. Economists are already warning of a new bubble that could catapult the entire economy into the next crisis. The debt burden is especially heavy for students who have to take out loans to attend what are called "for-profit colleges." Switzerland: A New Beginning in "Neuland" - While their applications for asylum are being processed, pupils attending an integration class in Basel are trying to learn about Swiss society and fit into it. "Neuland," a documentary by Anna Thommen about young immigrants in Switzerland, takes a look at what happens to them. Basel is trying out an unconventional project. Young people believed be capable of becoming Swiss citizens are being sent to integration classes. This film followed the young people for two years during their time there. At the beginning of the film, a young Afghan, Ehsanullah Habibi, has his asylum application rejected. In addition, he still owes a large amount of money to the traffickers who brought him to Switzerland.

Repeat Broadcasts:

  • KQED World: Tue, May 26, 2015 -- 4:00 AM
  • KQED World: Sun, May 24, 2015 -- 5:30 AM
  • KQED World: Sat, May 23, 2015 -- 1:30 PM

African North Korea: A Sealed-Off Country (Episode #720)

KQED World: Sat, May 16, 2015 -- 8:00 AM

Repeat Broadcasts:

  • KQED World: Tue, May 19, 2015 -- 10:00 AM
  • KQED World: Tue, May 19, 2015 -- 4:00 AM
  • KQED World: Sun, May 17, 2015 -- 5:30 AM
  • KQED World: Sat, May 16, 2015 -- 1:30 PM

Usable Land & Soil Erosion: They Aren't Making any More of It! (Episode #719)

KQED World: Sat, May 9, 2015 -- 8:00 AM

Land: They Aren't Making any More of It! The amount of usable cropland is declining. Land is getting harder to come by. Germany alone loses the equivalent of 70 hectares of land to road construction and urban development each day. At the same time, the demand is growing for land to grow crops for use in food, fuel and textile production. This demand can be calculated in what's known as the land footprint. For example, the amount of land necessary to maintain our current standard of living. Europe has a rather large footprint. Only forty percent of the land devoted to maintaining Europe's consumer society lies on the continent itself. Soil Erosion Round the World: Causes and Solutions - The Orinoco Basin extends across Veneuela and Colombia. The river's delta is covered with tropical rain forest. For many years now, colossal palm oil plantations have been encroaching on this forest. But the forest floor is relatively poor in nutrients and rich in oxygen, making it unsuitable for monocultures. Once the soil is depleted, the planters use artificial fertilizers to keep production going as long as they can, and then they move on. But there's another way. Planting many diverse crops in the same ground can help balance out soil use. Afghanistan: A Skier's Paradise - A few years ago, the local people discovered a very special use for their abundance of snow and mountains. The makeshift skis nailed together from wooden slats and plastic bottles take none of the fun out of racing down the mountainsides. Women, too, are proving themselves on the slopes and leaving any thought of the Taliban far behind. The Global 3000 Questionnaire: Bangladesh - Nazma Akter - In 2003, Nazma Akter founded the Awaj Foundation to promote workers' rights for the women of Bangladesh's many textile factories. Since the deadly collapse of the Rana Plaza in 2013, her voice has been among the most strident in the struggle for improved working conditions in this country. The Last of their Kind: Dugongs in the Philippines - Dugongs and manatees all over the world are threatened. These sea cows have almost vanished from the coasts of the Philippines. The shy and placid marine mammals live on seagrass, devouring up to 25 kilograms of it per day. But seagrass is sensitive to pollutants and intensive fishing. Motorboats also pose a threat. Sea cows have to surface every five or six minutes to breathe and can be easily injured by the propellers. Even if hunting dugongs has now been prohibited, their meat is still prized. Now only small groups of dugongs survive off the Filipino coasts.

Repeat Broadcasts:

  • KQED World: Tue, May 12, 2015 -- 10:00 AM
  • KQED World: Tue, May 12, 2015 -- 4:00 AM
  • KQED World: Sun, May 10, 2015 -- 5:30 AM
  • KQED World: Sat, May 9, 2015 -- 1:30 PM

Hardship of India's Tea Pickers (Episode #718)

KQED World: Sat, May 2, 2015 -- 8:00 AM

India: Economic Power with Two Faces - There is no single India. On the one hand, the economy is booming. On the other, there are regions where time seems to have stood still for centuries. With Prime Minister Narendra Modi, India now has a head of government who wants to improve the energy sector, the infrastructure and education system. But above all, Modi wants to attract investors to the country to further modernize the economy. Sidhartha & Surojit Gupta: "Top-level corruption's down in Modi govt, fingers crossed: India Inc" The Hardship of India's Tea Pickers - The working conditions on India's tea plantations are still intolerable. There is no health care, water supplies are scarce, housing is dilapidated, sexual harassment is rife, and workers lack protection from pesticides sprayed over the plants. For fifteen years, Roma Ray has worked on the Phuguri Tea Estate in Darjeeling, at an elevation of 2000 meters. Women like her literally bear a heavy burden, all of it in baskets hung from their necks. They work ten hours a day in the blazing sun, for the equivalent of just under 2 euros a day. The closure of another plantation, the Bundapani Tea Estate, left hundreds of workers jobless. Many people starved to death, and now a third of the former workers' children suffer from malnutrition. India: Global Shapers Community, Delhi - India has a problem with the quality of its education system: too much rote learning, too few creative subjects and badly-trained teachers. The Global Shapers Community is a network of hubs led by young people that aims to improve conditions and prospects for children and teenagers. 26-year-old Faith Gonsalves uses schoolrooms for her project, Music Basti. She and others like her organize music lessons for children. In the state schools, there are hardly any art or music classes. The Global Shapers organization in Delhi has more than 20 members under the age of than 30, most of them well-educated professionals. India: Global Snack - Dal Baati - Mount Abu is a town in Rajasthan, in northwestern India. Abu Restaurant lies on a lively thoroughfare. It specializes in a typical regional dish: dal baati. For 10 years, Neeraj Singhal has been serving this hearty dish, which combines lentils and the hard wheat rolls known as baati. While the rolls seasoned with cumin are crisping in the oven, the chef prepares the dal. Onions, garlic, garam masala and fresh herbs are fried. Then the lentils are added. Abu Restaurant bakes more than 450 baatis a day. Soldiers versus Poachers - Animal Protection in Nepal - Worldwide, there are only about 3200 tigers still living in the wild. Their numbers have dropped sharply in Nepal as well. Now the country is doing its best to protect its remaining tigers. Army patrols are cracking down on poachers using modern technology such as camera traps and drones to monitor stocks. Between 2005 and 2008, Nepal lost about 30 percent of its tigers, mainly through poaching to supply the demand for bones and skins in China and Tibet. Since 2009 Nepal's tiger population has grown again - by 63 percent.

Repeat Broadcasts:

  • KQED World: Tue, May 5, 2015 -- 10:00 AM
  • KQED World: Tue, May 5, 2015 -- 4:00 AM
  • KQED World: Sun, May 3, 2015 -- 5:30 AM
  • KQED World: Sat, May 2, 2015 -- 1:30 PM
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