STEVE INSKEEP, HOST:
Unless Congress acts, the Department of Defense faces some $55 billion in cuts at the start of the next year. And that brings us to the next installment in our Fiscal Cliff Notes series.
(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC AND NEWS REPORTING)
UNIDENTIFIED MAN #1: On January 1, 2013, there's going to be a massive fiscal cliff of large spending cuts...
UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN: From the painful cut to the Defense Department, food safety, education...
UNIDENTIFIED MAN #2: The worst tax cuts, the payroll tax cuts...
UNIDENTIFIED MAN #3: Tax (unintelligible) is a cliff.
UNIDENTIFIED MAN #4: Whatever your preferred imagery, it's a really big deal.
INSKEEP: Or so we're told. These cuts are part of what's known as sequestration - automatic across the board spending cuts to both defense and non-defense government expenditures, set in motion by last year's debt ceiling fight in Washington.
NPR's Tamara Keith has this story about what the defense cuts would look like if they happen.
TAMARA KEITH, BYLINE: Salaries for uniformed personnel are the one major thing that's protected. Otherwise, it's about a 10 percent cut to everything from Pentagon civilian staff to the acquisition of multimillion dollar aircraft, like the Joint Strike Fighter.
(SOUNDBITE OF A PROMOTIONAL VIDEO)
UNIDENTIFIED MAN #5: The F-35 Lightning II, it's what we do. It's who we are.
KEITH: This is a promotional video for the fighter jet made by defense contractor Lockheed Martin. Todd Harrison, a senior fellow at the Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments, says the 2013 budget calls for buying 29 of them.
TODD HARRISON: And instead of buying 29 aircraft, they'll probably be able to buy maybe 26 aircraft.
KEITH: So what would that mean the people who work on the jet? Harrison says immediately, not much. Because the F-35s on the assembly line in January were ordered and paid for in past budgets.
HARRISON: What it will affect is those additional planes that the military was going to order. So there will be fewer planes coming in to the assembly line.
KEITH: The more immediate effects would be on civilian Defense Department employees. Harrison says as many as 100,000 of them could face furlough if the sequester hits January 2nd. In all, the defense cuts could result in more than a million job losses, directly and indirectly, says Stephen Fuller, a professor at George Mason University, who has analyzed the potential economic fallout for a trade group.
STEPHEN FULLER: They cut across every location in the country, pretty much every community in every sector.
KEITH: While many argue the Defense Department should trim its budget and reduce waste, analyst Todd Harrison says these cuts by law would be far from strategic.
HARRISON: What sequestration mandates - and there's no flexibility on this under the law - is everything takes the same cut. Whether it's a high priority item or a low priority item, there's nothing they can do to avoid that.
KEITH: He uses the example of a household budget. If you were forced to cut 10 percent, you might cancel cable and eat out less. Cut out the low priority expenses. Your landlord, the power company, and everyone else you owed money to, wouldn't respond well if instead you cut 10 percent across the board and started paying less than you owed each month. Ultimately, Harrison says the Department of Defense could face fines for breaking contracts. That is, if Congress lets it happen.
Tamara Keith, NPR News.
(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC)
INSKEEP: It's MORNING EDITION form NPR News. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright National Public Radio.