MELISSA BLOCK, HOST:
This is ALL THING CONSIDERED from NPR News. I'm Melissa Block.
ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST:
And I'm Robert Siegel. The presidential candidates have less than 40 days to make their case to the American people. They've been campaigning relentlessly and are preparing for the race's first debate next week. They've also blanketed the airwaves with ads and that's where we're going to focus right now. Both campaigns released new TV ads this week. NPR's Brian Naylor reports these ads share some common themes and allow the candidates to speak directly to their audience.
BRIAN NAYLOR, BYLINE: The Romney ad appears to be the candidate's response to the infamous 47 percent fundraising video in which Romney is captured by a hidden camera saying those who don't pay income taxes are victims and dependent on the government. In the response ad, Romney is sitting in a room wearing a checked shirt.
(SOUNDBITE OF AD)
MITT ROMNEY: We shouldn't measure compassion by how many people are on welfare. We should measure compassion by how many people are able to get off welfare and get a good paying job.
NAYLOR: The Obama campaign has been running its own take on the 47 percent remarks. Its ad, airing in battleground states, uses the audio of Romney's remarks under black and white pictures of moms with children, aging veterans and factory workers.
(SOUNDBITE OF AD)
ROMNEY: There are 47 percent of the people who will vote for the president no matter what, who are dependent upon government, who believe that they are victims, who believe the government has a responsibility to care for them, who believe that they are entitled...
NAYLOR: University of Virginia political science professor Paul Freedman calls the ad outstanding.
PAUL FREEDMAN: You can hear the clink of the silverware, of the china while Romney makes his comments and this ad juxtaposes those sounds against really crisp close-up images of Americans, Americans who are presumably part of this 47 percent. It is very well done and very effective.
NAYLOR: In a two-minute ad the Obama campaign released this week, the president sitting in his chief-of-staff's office, delivers what is essentially a condensed version of his stump speech.
(SOUNDBITE OF AD)
PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA: It's time for a new economic patriotism rooted in the belief that growing our economy begins with a strong, thriving middle class.
NAYLOR: In this ad, as in the Romney spot, the candidates are talking directly to the camera. Victoria DeFrancesco Soto, a fellow at the University of Texas, says both candidates are trying to make a connection.
VICTORIA DEFRANCESCO SOTO: The eyes are the windows of the soul and that it's really a way of focusing in on the personal relationship that the candidate wants to forge with that voter.
NAYLOR: She says it's a connection that's particularly important for Romney to make in the wake of the damage done by the 47 percent video.
SOTO: This is why we see Romney really struggling to make that eye contact, literally, with the voter and saying, those comments, they were taken out of context. I really do care for you. Look at me. Look at the man. Look at Romney.
NAYLOR: And while the Romney ad and the longer Obama spot each have the feel of candidates making their closing arguments to voters, with over a month till election day, it's certain there will many more spots to come from both campaigns. Brian Naylor, NPR News, Washington. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright National Public Radio.